Awareness of subtle emotional feelings: A comparison of long-term meditators and nonmeditators

Lisbeth Nielsen, Alfred W Kaszniak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors explored whether meditation training to enhance emotional awareness improves discrimination of subtle emotional feelings hypothesized to guide decision-making. Long-term meditators and nonmeditators were compared on measures of self-reported valence and arousal, skin conductance response (SCR), and facial electromyography (EMG) to masked and nonmasked emotional pictures, and on measures of heartbeat detection and self-reported emotional awareness. Groups responded similarly to nonmasked pictures. In the masked condition, only controls showed discrimination in valence self-reports. However, meditators reported greater emotional clarity than controls, and meditators with higher clarity had reduced arousal and improved valence discrimination in the masked condition. These findings provide qualified support for the somatic marker hypothesis and suggest that meditation may influence how emotionally ambiguous information is processed, regulated, and represented in conscious awareness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)392-405
Number of pages14
JournalEmotion
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2006

Fingerprint

Meditation
Emotions
Arousal
Electromyography
Self Report
Decision Making
Skin
Discrimination (Psychology)

Keywords

  • Emotion
  • Meditation
  • Somatic marker hypothesis
  • Subjective experience
  • Visual masking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Awareness of subtle emotional feelings : A comparison of long-term meditators and nonmeditators. / Nielsen, Lisbeth; Kaszniak, Alfred W.

In: Emotion, Vol. 6, No. 3, 08.2006, p. 392-405.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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