Baculovirus-mediated expression of the human vitamin D receptor. Functional characterization, vitamin D response element interactions, and evidence for a receptor auxiliary factor

P. N. MacDonald, C. A. Haussler, C. M. Terpening, M. A. Galligan, M. C. Reeder, G. K. Whitfield, M. R. Haussler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

99 Scopus citations

Abstract

A baculovirus expression vector system (BEVS) was used to overproduce the full-length human vitamin D receptor (hVDR) in Spodoptera frugiperda ovarian cells. hVDR was expressed to a level of 0.5% of the total soluble protein in this system. Western analysis demonstrated that the baculovirus-generated protein had electrophoretic and immunologic properties equivalent to those of hVDR expressed in mammalian cells. The BEVS-derived receptor displayed specificity and high affinity (apparent K(d) = 0.7 nM) for the 1,25(OH)2D3 ligand. Recombinant hVDR generated a specific protein-DNA complex with a duplex oligomer containing a vitamin D-responsive element (VDRE) in gel mobility shift assays. The intensity of the VDR·VDRE complex was not affected by 1,25(OH)2D3. However, the complex exhibited increased mobility in the presence of hormone, possibly the result of a 1,25(OH)2D3-dependent conformational change. A nuclear extract obtained from CV-1 cells markedly enhanced the intensity of this VDR·VDRE complex and produced an additional distinct VDR-dependent complex, thus implicating a role for nuclear auxiliary factors in multiple high affinity VDR·VDRE interactions. Finally, methylation interference studies defined the guanine residues contacted when the putative VDR-auxiliary factor complex associates with the rat osteocalcin VDRE; specifically, all of the GC base pairs in the sequence GGGTGAATGAGGACA. Therefore, these results show that the BEV system elicits high level expression of hVDR with critical functional characteristics being preserved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18808-18813
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume266
Issue number28
StatePublished - Nov 22 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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