Band model analysis of laboratory methane absorption spectra from 4500 to 10500 Å

Uwe Fink, D. Chris Benner, K. A. Dick

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Molecular band models are used to derive absorption and pressure coefficients for the methane absorption spectrum from 4500 to 10500 Å at intervals of 10 Å. These coefficients provide a necessary basis for the interpretation of the large methane absorptions in the atmospheres of the major planets. Although only coefficients for the "random" or "Goody" band model are derived, the equivalence between these and the "regular" of "Elasser" coefficients is demonstrated. The effects of pressure on the absorption are surprisingly small, leading to large values of the pressure coefficient quite unlike any previous application of the band-model theory. They indicate a pseudo-continuum character of the methane spectrum throughout the visible and near infrared. A spectrum synthesis calculation using the derived coefficients shows the close fit to experimental data that can be realized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)447-457
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1977


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Spectroscopy

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