To examine the specificity of proximal renal basolateral organic cation transport, the effects of unlabeled organic cation substrates in the bathing medium on the rate of uptake of [14C]tetraethylammonium ([14C]TEA) by intact nonperfused proximal tubules and isolated basolateral membrane vesicles (BLMV) from rabbit kidneys were explored. The pattern of inhibition of transport by a battery of unlabeled organic cations was similar in intact tubules and BLMV. To determine if trans-stimulation could be demonstrated across the basolateral membrane of intact tubules, the effects of preloading tubules with unlabeled substrates on the rate of uptake of [14C]TEA and the effects of unlabeled substrates in the bathing medium on the rate of efflux of [14C]TEA from tubules preloaded with this labeled substrate were examined. Trans-stimulation was clearly demonstratrated for the first time in intact tubules. However, of the compounds that significantly inhibited [14C]TEA uptake (TEA, amiloride, tetrapropylammonium, mepiperphenidol, isopropyl pyridinium, and choline), only TEA itself and choline produced a trans-stimulation of [14C]TEA uptake. Moreover, choline appeared to be at least as effective as TEA itself as a counter ion for TEA transport. Such trans-stimulation could play a physiological role in the net reabsorption of choline and the net secretion of most other organic cations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology|
|Issue number||3 30-3|
|State||Published - 1991|
- Organic cations
- Proximal tubules
ASJC Scopus subject areas