Behavior of concrete beams strengthened with fiber-reinforced polymer laminates under impact loading

Taiping Tang, Hamid - Saadatmanesh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Most of the research on application of composite materials in civil engineering during the past decade has concentrated on the behavior of structural elements under static loads. In engineering practice, there are many situations in which structures undergo impact or dynamic loading. In particular, the impact response of concrete beams strengthened with composite materials is of interest. This paper presents the results of an experimental investigation conducted to study the impact effects on concrete beams strengthened with fiber-reinforced polymer laminates. Two types of composite laminates, carbon and Kevlar, were bonded to the top and bottom faces of concrete beams with epoxy. Five beams were tested: two strengthened with Kevlar laminates, two strengthened with carbon laminates, and one unretrofitted beam as the control specimen. The impact load was applied by dropping a steel cylinder from a specified height onto the top face of the beam. The test results revealed that composite laminates significantly increased the capacity of the concrete beams to resist impact load. In addition, the laminates reduced the deflection and crack width. Comparing the test results of the beams strengthened with Kevlar and carbon laminates indicated that the gain in strength depends on the type, thickness, weight, and material properties of the composite laminate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-218
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Composites for Construction
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2003

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Keywords

  • Beams
  • Concrete
  • Deflection
  • Fiber reinforced polymers
  • Laminates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Computational Mechanics

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