Behavioural risk factors and protective factors in adolescents: A comparison of Latinos and non-Latino Whites

Scott C Carvajal, Carrie E. Hanson, Andrea J Romero, Karin K. Coyle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. This study investigated differences in behavioural health protective and risk factors in US Latino and non-Latino White adolescents as well as differences among Latinos with different levels of acculturation using a bicultural acculturation model. The bicultural model is consistent with current understanding of cultural change processes; however it has infrequently been applied to understand adolescent health outcomes. The outcomes included risk and health behaviours as well as mental health factors consistent with Jessor's framework for describing adolescents' health status. Design. Participants included 1119 students randomly selected from all middle schools of a Northern California district. Respondents completed project staff administered self-reports surveys in their schools that included assessments of health behaviours, mental health, and socio-cultural variables - including acculturation level. Results. Latinos were at higher risk than non-Latino Whites in the following areas: academic orientation, physical activity, and sunscreen use. Boys and those of lower social class were more likely to report use of various substances and violence. Among Latinos, those in the marginalised acculturation group - those with less attachments and adaptations to Latino and other cultures, showed less desirable mental health outcomes than the bicultural group. Conclusion. These results extend prior research by assessing the health needs of early adolescent youth. The study found important differences within Latinos using a bicultural acculturation model. The use of a bicultural acculturation model, or cultural orientation approach more generally, may have especial utility for addressing health issues wherever minority populations interact with a dominant society.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-193
Number of pages13
JournalEthnicity and Health
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2002

Fingerprint

Acculturation
acculturation
Hispanic Americans
adolescent
Mental Health
mental health
Health Behavior
health behavior
health
Health
Sunscreening Agents
cultural change
Risk-Taking
Violence
risk behavior
Social Class
social class
Self Report
Health Status
health status

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Health behaviours
  • Latinos
  • Risk behaviours

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Cultural Studies

Cite this

Behavioural risk factors and protective factors in adolescents : A comparison of Latinos and non-Latino Whites. / Carvajal, Scott C; Hanson, Carrie E.; Romero, Andrea J; Coyle, Karin K.

In: Ethnicity and Health, Vol. 7, No. 3, 08.2002, p. 181-193.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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