### Abstract

We investigate the local bifurcations experienced by a time-discrete dynamical system from population biology when there is an attractor in an invariant subspace that loses stability. The system describes competition between two species in a constant environment; invariant subspaces contain single-species attractors; the loss of stability of the attractor in one invariant subspace means that the corresponding species (i.e. the "resident" species) becomes invadable by its competitor. The global dynamics may be understood by examining the sign structure of Lyapunov exponents transverse to the invariant subspace. When the transverse Lyapunov exponent (computed for the natural measure) changes from negative to positive on varying a parameter, the system experiences a so-called blowout bifurcation. We unfold two generic scenarios associated with blowout bifurcations: (1) a codimension-2 bifurcation involving heteroclinic chaos and on-off intermittency and (2) a sequence of riddling bifurcations that cause asymptotic indeterminacy. An ingredient that both scenarios have in common is the fact that the "resident" species subspace contains multiple invariant sets with transverse Lyapunov exponents that do not change sign simultaneously. This simple model adds on a short list of archetypical systems that are needed to investigate the structure of blowout bifurcations. From a biological viewpoint, the results imply that mutual invasibility in a constant environment is neither a necessary nor a sufficient condition for coexistence.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 443-452 |

Number of pages | 10 |

Journal | International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos in Applied Sciences and Engineering |

Volume | 10 |

Issue number | 2 |

State | Published - Feb 2000 |

Externally published | Yes |

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### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- General
- Applied Mathematics

### Cite this

**Bifurcation analysis of population invasion : On-off intermittency and basin riddling.** / De Oscar, Feo; Ferriere, Regis H J.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos in Applied Sciences and Engineering*, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 443-452.

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bifurcation analysis of population invasion

T2 - On-off intermittency and basin riddling

AU - De Oscar, Feo

AU - Ferriere, Regis H J

PY - 2000/2

Y1 - 2000/2

N2 - We investigate the local bifurcations experienced by a time-discrete dynamical system from population biology when there is an attractor in an invariant subspace that loses stability. The system describes competition between two species in a constant environment; invariant subspaces contain single-species attractors; the loss of stability of the attractor in one invariant subspace means that the corresponding species (i.e. the "resident" species) becomes invadable by its competitor. The global dynamics may be understood by examining the sign structure of Lyapunov exponents transverse to the invariant subspace. When the transverse Lyapunov exponent (computed for the natural measure) changes from negative to positive on varying a parameter, the system experiences a so-called blowout bifurcation. We unfold two generic scenarios associated with blowout bifurcations: (1) a codimension-2 bifurcation involving heteroclinic chaos and on-off intermittency and (2) a sequence of riddling bifurcations that cause asymptotic indeterminacy. An ingredient that both scenarios have in common is the fact that the "resident" species subspace contains multiple invariant sets with transverse Lyapunov exponents that do not change sign simultaneously. This simple model adds on a short list of archetypical systems that are needed to investigate the structure of blowout bifurcations. From a biological viewpoint, the results imply that mutual invasibility in a constant environment is neither a necessary nor a sufficient condition for coexistence.

AB - We investigate the local bifurcations experienced by a time-discrete dynamical system from population biology when there is an attractor in an invariant subspace that loses stability. The system describes competition between two species in a constant environment; invariant subspaces contain single-species attractors; the loss of stability of the attractor in one invariant subspace means that the corresponding species (i.e. the "resident" species) becomes invadable by its competitor. The global dynamics may be understood by examining the sign structure of Lyapunov exponents transverse to the invariant subspace. When the transverse Lyapunov exponent (computed for the natural measure) changes from negative to positive on varying a parameter, the system experiences a so-called blowout bifurcation. We unfold two generic scenarios associated with blowout bifurcations: (1) a codimension-2 bifurcation involving heteroclinic chaos and on-off intermittency and (2) a sequence of riddling bifurcations that cause asymptotic indeterminacy. An ingredient that both scenarios have in common is the fact that the "resident" species subspace contains multiple invariant sets with transverse Lyapunov exponents that do not change sign simultaneously. This simple model adds on a short list of archetypical systems that are needed to investigate the structure of blowout bifurcations. From a biological viewpoint, the results imply that mutual invasibility in a constant environment is neither a necessary nor a sufficient condition for coexistence.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034134396&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034134396&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0034134396

VL - 10

SP - 443

EP - 452

JO - International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos in Applied Sciences and Engineering

JF - International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos in Applied Sciences and Engineering

SN - 0218-1274

IS - 2

ER -