Endoscopically performed biliary drainage (EPBD) is now an alternative to percutaneous biliary drainage. The morbidity, mortality, and survival statistics of 97 patients with obstructive jaundice who had undergone percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) and surgery, PTBD alone, EPBD and surgery, or EPBD alone were compared. Overall, the EPBD group had fewer complications and lower mortality than the other groups. When palliative treatment of patients with malignancies was compared, the complication rates associated with EPBD and PTBD were similar; however, mortality was lower with EPBD. No negative effect on survival was found with EPBD. In addition, EPBD offered several additional advantages over PTBD, including fewer bleeding complications, better patient acceptance, and avoidance of external catheter care. EPBD should be considered as a viable alternative to PTBD. Additional studies are needed to determine whether it is to be considered the initial drainage procedure of choice in patients with obstructive jaundice.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging