□ Our previous studies have demonstrated the preference of telomestatin for intramolecular, rather than the intermolecular, G-quadruplex structures, while TMPyP4 has selectivity for intermolecular over intramolecular G-quadruplex structures. However, it was not clear whether the difference in the selectivity between two different G-quadruplex-interactive agents could determine the corresponding biological effects in cultured human tumor cells. Here we evaluated the biological effects of both TMPyP4 and telomestatin in the human pancreatic carcinoma cell line (MiaPaCa) using subtoxic and cytotoxic concentrations. The cytotoxicity of these agents against MiaPaCa cells is quite different, and the IC50 of telomestatin (0.5 μM) is about 100 times less than that of TMPyP4 (50 μM). At IC50 concentrations, TMPyP4 induced anaphase bridge formation in MiaPaCa cells, while telomestatin failed to induce anaphase bridge formation. At subtoxic concentrations, TMPyP4 induced MiaPaCa cell growth arrest, senescence, apoptosis, and telomere length shortening within 5 weeks, while similar biological effects were evident after 12 weeks following treatment with telomestatin. Our data suggest that binding of G-quadruplex-interactive agents to distinct G-quadruplexes could induce different biological effects in human cancer cells.
- G-Quadruplex-interactive agent
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine