Biochemical properties and biological functions of FET proteins

Jacob C. Schwartz, Thomas R. Cech, Roy R. Parker

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations

Abstract

Members of the FET protein family, consisting of FUS, EWSR1, and TAF15, bind to RNA and contribute to the control of transcription, RNA processing, and the cytoplasmic fates of messenger RNAs in metazoa. FET proteins can also bind DNA, which may be important in transcription and DNA damage responses. FET proteins are of medical interest because chromosomal rearrangements of their genes promote various sarcomas and because point mutations in FUS or TAF15 can cause neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal lobar dementia. Recent results suggest that both the normal and pathological effects of FET proteins are modulated by low-complexity or prion-like domains, which can form higher-order assemblies with novel interaction properties. Herein, we review FET proteins with an emphasis on how the biochemical properties of FET proteins may relate to their biological functions and to pathogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)355-379
Number of pages25
JournalAnnual Review of Biochemistry
Volume84
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • EWSR1
  • FUS
  • Low-complexity
  • Neurodegeneration
  • RNA-binding
  • TAF15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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