Biodegradation of selected azo dyes under methanogenic conditions

Elías Razo-Flores, Maurice Luijten, Brian Donlon, Gatze Lettinga, Jim Field

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

177 Scopus citations

Abstract

Biological treatment of wastewaters discharged by the textile industry could potentially be problematic due to the high toxicity and recalcitrance of the commonly-used azo dye compounds. In the present report, the fate of two azo dyes under methanogenic conditions was studied. Mordant Orange 1 (MO1) and Azodisalicylate (ADS) were completely reduced and decolorised in continuous UASB reactors in the presence of cosubstrates. In the MO1 reactor, both 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) and 1,4-phenylenediamine were identified as products of azo cleavage. After long adaptation periods, 5-ASA was detected at trace levels, indicating further mineralization. ADS, a pharmaceutical azo dye constructed from two 5-ASA units, was completely mineralized even in the absence of cosubstrate, indicating that the metabolism of 5-ASA could provide the reducing equivalents needed for the azo reduction. Batch experiments confirmed the ADS mineralization. These results demonstrate that some azo dyes could serve as a carbon, energy, and nitrogen source for anaerobic bacteria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-72
Number of pages8
JournalWater Science and Technology
Volume36
Issue number6-7
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 17 1997
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1997 8th IAWQ International Conference on Anaerobic Digestion - Sendai, Jpn
Duration: May 25 1997May 29 1997

Keywords

  • Anaerobic degradation
  • Azo dyes
  • Azodisalicylate
  • Granular sludge
  • Methanogenic conditions
  • Mordant Orange 1
  • UASB reactor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology

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