Biological records of paleoclimate and paleoenvironment changes from Guanzhong area, Shaanxi Province during the last glacial maximum

Xiangxu Xue, Weijian Zhou, Jie Zhou, J. Head, A. J.T. Jull

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10 Scopus citations


We have collected a suite of Paleoloxodon naumanni-Coelodonta antiquitatis fossils from a river terrace profile between Xi'an and Xianyang cities in Guanzhong Area, Shaanxi Province. A detailed examination of the fossils, together with 14C determinations and pollen analyses, have enabled us to reconstruct preliminary features of climate and environment changes and their evolutionary processes, within the last glacial maximum (LGM): about 20 ka ago, the climate was basically cool and wet, and was favourable for the existence of Paleoloxodon naumanni-Coelodonta antiquitatis fauna. This was followed by a cold, dry phase which was no longer suitable for this type of faunal suite, causing the death of a large number of mammalian assemblages. The available evidence indicates the existence of cold-dry and cool-wet climate and environment fluctuations during the LGM. The cool-wet stage within the LGM reflects a Heinrich event occurring in the high latitude areas, proving the existence of a teleconnection between polar-high latitude areas and the Loess Plateau.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)853-857
Number of pages5
JournalChinese Science Bulletin
Issue number9
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000



  • Guanzhong of Shaanxi Province
  • Last glacial maximum
  • Paleoloxodon naumanni-Coelodonta antiquitatis fauna
  • Paleomonsoon precipitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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