Biomechanical strength of the Peri-Loc® proximal tibial plate: A comparison of all-locked versus hybrid locked/nonlocked screw configurations

Chris Estes, Peter Rhee, M. Wade Shrader, Kristine Csavina, Marc C. Jacofsky, David J. Jacofsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanical properties of a contoured locking plate instrumented with either an all-locked or hybrid locked/nonlocked screw construct in a proximal metaphyseal fracture of the tibia (AO 41-A3.2). METHODS: A standardized proximal metaphyseal wedge osteotomy (AO 41-A3.2) was created in five pairs of cadaveric tibia. Each pair was randomly instrumented with either an all-locked or combination locked/nonlocked screw construct using a locked contoured periarticular plate (Peri-Loc® periarticular locked plating system, Smith & Nephew, Memphis, TN). Vertical subsidence (irreversible deformation) and deflection (reversible deformation) in each pair were analyzed and compared. Load to failure, defined by complete fracture gap closure, was also determined. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference in vertical subsidence (P = 0.19) or deflection (P = 0.19) of the proximal tibia between the all-locked and combination locked/nonlocked screw construct with increasing levels of cyclical axial load from 200 to 1200 N. Failure occurred at a mean value of 2160 N in the locked group and 1760 N in the hybrid group (P = 0.19); the failure mode was plate bending in all specimens. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that the use of compression screws with locked screws in this particular construct allows a similar amount of irreversible and reversible deformation in response to an axial load when compared to an all-locked screw construct. This suggests that there is no statistically significant difference in the stability in fixation between the two methods, allowing the surgeon the freedom to choose the appropriate screw combination unique to each fracture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)312-316
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of orthopaedic trauma
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2008

Keywords

  • Biomechanics
  • Fracture
  • Plate
  • Strength
  • Tibia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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