Biospheric trace gas fluxes and their control over tropospheric chemistry

Russell Monson, E. A. Holland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

102 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Terrestrial and marine ecosystems function as sources and sinks for reactive trace gases, and in doing so, profoundly influence the oxidative photochemistry in the troposphere. Principal biogenic processes include microbial methane production and oxidation, the emission of volatile organic compounds from forest ecosystems, the emission of nitric oxide from soils, the emission of reactive sulfur compounds and carbon monoxide from marine ecosystems, control over the production of hydroxyl radical concentration by regional hydrologic processes, and deposition of ozone and nitrogen oxides to ecosystems. The combined influence of these processes is to affect the tropospheric concentrations of ozone, hydroxyl radicals, reactive nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, and inorganic acids, all of which constitute fundamental components of oxidative photochemistry. In this review we discuss the recent literature related to the primary controls over the biosphere-atmosphere exchange of reactive trace gases, and also to efforts to model the dominant biospheric influences on oxidative dynamics of the troposphere. These studies provide strong support for the paradigm that biospheric processes exert the dominant control over oxidative chemistry in the lower atmosphere. Improvements in our ability to model biospheric influences on tropospheric chemistry, and its susceptibility to global change, will come from inclusion of more explicit information on the processes that control the emission and uptake of reactive trace gases and the impact of changes in ecosystem cover and land-use change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)547-576
Number of pages30
JournalAnnual Review of Ecology and Systematics
Volume32
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

trace gas
chemistry
gases
nitrogen oxides
carbon monoxide
photochemistry
hydroxyl radicals
hydroxyl radical
marine ecosystem
ozone
troposphere
inorganic acids
inorganic acid
atmosphere
ecosystems
ecosystem
volatile organic compounds
sulfur compound
process control
nitric oxide

Keywords

  • Atmospheric chemistry
  • Dimethyl sulfide
  • Methane
  • Nonmethane hydrocarbons
  • Ozone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology

Cite this

Biospheric trace gas fluxes and their control over tropospheric chemistry. / Monson, Russell; Holland, E. A.

In: Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, Vol. 32, 2001, p. 547-576.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ec0e558d85554f62b35880586056e2ee,
title = "Biospheric trace gas fluxes and their control over tropospheric chemistry",
abstract = "Terrestrial and marine ecosystems function as sources and sinks for reactive trace gases, and in doing so, profoundly influence the oxidative photochemistry in the troposphere. Principal biogenic processes include microbial methane production and oxidation, the emission of volatile organic compounds from forest ecosystems, the emission of nitric oxide from soils, the emission of reactive sulfur compounds and carbon monoxide from marine ecosystems, control over the production of hydroxyl radical concentration by regional hydrologic processes, and deposition of ozone and nitrogen oxides to ecosystems. The combined influence of these processes is to affect the tropospheric concentrations of ozone, hydroxyl radicals, reactive nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, and inorganic acids, all of which constitute fundamental components of oxidative photochemistry. In this review we discuss the recent literature related to the primary controls over the biosphere-atmosphere exchange of reactive trace gases, and also to efforts to model the dominant biospheric influences on oxidative dynamics of the troposphere. These studies provide strong support for the paradigm that biospheric processes exert the dominant control over oxidative chemistry in the lower atmosphere. Improvements in our ability to model biospheric influences on tropospheric chemistry, and its susceptibility to global change, will come from inclusion of more explicit information on the processes that control the emission and uptake of reactive trace gases and the impact of changes in ecosystem cover and land-use change.",
keywords = "Atmospheric chemistry, Dimethyl sulfide, Methane, Nonmethane hydrocarbons, Ozone",
author = "Russell Monson and Holland, {E. A.}",
year = "2001",
doi = "10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.32.081501.114136",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "32",
pages = "547--576",
journal = "Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics",
issn = "1543-592X",
publisher = "Annual Reviews Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biospheric trace gas fluxes and their control over tropospheric chemistry

AU - Monson, Russell

AU - Holland, E. A.

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Terrestrial and marine ecosystems function as sources and sinks for reactive trace gases, and in doing so, profoundly influence the oxidative photochemistry in the troposphere. Principal biogenic processes include microbial methane production and oxidation, the emission of volatile organic compounds from forest ecosystems, the emission of nitric oxide from soils, the emission of reactive sulfur compounds and carbon monoxide from marine ecosystems, control over the production of hydroxyl radical concentration by regional hydrologic processes, and deposition of ozone and nitrogen oxides to ecosystems. The combined influence of these processes is to affect the tropospheric concentrations of ozone, hydroxyl radicals, reactive nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, and inorganic acids, all of which constitute fundamental components of oxidative photochemistry. In this review we discuss the recent literature related to the primary controls over the biosphere-atmosphere exchange of reactive trace gases, and also to efforts to model the dominant biospheric influences on oxidative dynamics of the troposphere. These studies provide strong support for the paradigm that biospheric processes exert the dominant control over oxidative chemistry in the lower atmosphere. Improvements in our ability to model biospheric influences on tropospheric chemistry, and its susceptibility to global change, will come from inclusion of more explicit information on the processes that control the emission and uptake of reactive trace gases and the impact of changes in ecosystem cover and land-use change.

AB - Terrestrial and marine ecosystems function as sources and sinks for reactive trace gases, and in doing so, profoundly influence the oxidative photochemistry in the troposphere. Principal biogenic processes include microbial methane production and oxidation, the emission of volatile organic compounds from forest ecosystems, the emission of nitric oxide from soils, the emission of reactive sulfur compounds and carbon monoxide from marine ecosystems, control over the production of hydroxyl radical concentration by regional hydrologic processes, and deposition of ozone and nitrogen oxides to ecosystems. The combined influence of these processes is to affect the tropospheric concentrations of ozone, hydroxyl radicals, reactive nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, and inorganic acids, all of which constitute fundamental components of oxidative photochemistry. In this review we discuss the recent literature related to the primary controls over the biosphere-atmosphere exchange of reactive trace gases, and also to efforts to model the dominant biospheric influences on oxidative dynamics of the troposphere. These studies provide strong support for the paradigm that biospheric processes exert the dominant control over oxidative chemistry in the lower atmosphere. Improvements in our ability to model biospheric influences on tropospheric chemistry, and its susceptibility to global change, will come from inclusion of more explicit information on the processes that control the emission and uptake of reactive trace gases and the impact of changes in ecosystem cover and land-use change.

KW - Atmospheric chemistry

KW - Dimethyl sulfide

KW - Methane

KW - Nonmethane hydrocarbons

KW - Ozone

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035673804&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035673804&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.32.081501.114136

DO - 10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.32.081501.114136

M3 - Article

VL - 32

SP - 547

EP - 576

JO - Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics

JF - Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics

SN - 1543-592X

ER -