Biosurfactant (Rhamnolipid) sorption and the impact on rhamnolipid- facilitated removal of cadmium from various soils under saturated flow conditions

Jacob L. Torrens, David C. Herman, Raina Margaret Maier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

85 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The efficiency of biosurfactant-facilitated removal of soil-bound metals is affected by biosurfactant sorption to soil. In this study, batch and column experiments were performed to minimize rhamnolipid biosurfactant sorption and to optimize rhamnolipid application for removal of cadmium from four soils. In batch studies, rhamnolipid sorption to a model coarse loamy soil was found to vary with applied rhamnolipid and K+ concentration of the rhamnolipid matrix. The presence of solution-phase biosurfactant was correlated to the release into solution of a soil-bound metal (cadmium). A series of column experiments was performed to evaluate whether rhamnolipid could remove cadmium from soil under saturated flow conditions. Four different soils were contaminated with cadmium and treated first with an KNO3 electrolyte solution (3.5 or 7 mM K+) and then with a rhamnolipid- containing solution (5 or 10 mM). Results showed that between 15 and 36% of the cadmium was removed by the initial electrolyte treatment and an additional 8-54% of the cadmium was removed by rhamnolipid treatment. Rhamnolipid treatment was very effective for three of the soils tested, but for the soil with the highest clay content, rhamnolipid application caused soil dispersion and column plugging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)776-781
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 1998

Fingerprint

Cadmium
Sorption
cadmium
sorption
Soils
soil
electrolyte
Electrolytes
Metals
rhamnolipid
removal
metal
experiment
Clay
Experiments
clay
matrix

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Biosurfactant (Rhamnolipid) sorption and the impact on rhamnolipid- facilitated removal of cadmium from various soils under saturated flow conditions",
abstract = "The efficiency of biosurfactant-facilitated removal of soil-bound metals is affected by biosurfactant sorption to soil. In this study, batch and column experiments were performed to minimize rhamnolipid biosurfactant sorption and to optimize rhamnolipid application for removal of cadmium from four soils. In batch studies, rhamnolipid sorption to a model coarse loamy soil was found to vary with applied rhamnolipid and K+ concentration of the rhamnolipid matrix. The presence of solution-phase biosurfactant was correlated to the release into solution of a soil-bound metal (cadmium). A series of column experiments was performed to evaluate whether rhamnolipid could remove cadmium from soil under saturated flow conditions. Four different soils were contaminated with cadmium and treated first with an KNO3 electrolyte solution (3.5 or 7 mM K+) and then with a rhamnolipid- containing solution (5 or 10 mM). Results showed that between 15 and 36{\%} of the cadmium was removed by the initial electrolyte treatment and an additional 8-54{\%} of the cadmium was removed by rhamnolipid treatment. Rhamnolipid treatment was very effective for three of the soils tested, but for the soil with the highest clay content, rhamnolipid application caused soil dispersion and column plugging.",
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AB - The efficiency of biosurfactant-facilitated removal of soil-bound metals is affected by biosurfactant sorption to soil. In this study, batch and column experiments were performed to minimize rhamnolipid biosurfactant sorption and to optimize rhamnolipid application for removal of cadmium from four soils. In batch studies, rhamnolipid sorption to a model coarse loamy soil was found to vary with applied rhamnolipid and K+ concentration of the rhamnolipid matrix. The presence of solution-phase biosurfactant was correlated to the release into solution of a soil-bound metal (cadmium). A series of column experiments was performed to evaluate whether rhamnolipid could remove cadmium from soil under saturated flow conditions. Four different soils were contaminated with cadmium and treated first with an KNO3 electrolyte solution (3.5 or 7 mM K+) and then with a rhamnolipid- containing solution (5 or 10 mM). Results showed that between 15 and 36% of the cadmium was removed by the initial electrolyte treatment and an additional 8-54% of the cadmium was removed by rhamnolipid treatment. Rhamnolipid treatment was very effective for three of the soils tested, but for the soil with the highest clay content, rhamnolipid application caused soil dispersion and column plugging.

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