The biotransformation of halothane was studied using liver slices. Precision-cut Hartley male guinea pig liver slices (1 cm diameter; 250-300 μm thick) were incubated in sealed roller vials containing supplemented Krebs-Henseleit buffer at 37°C under different O2 tensions (2.5, 21, and 95%). After a 1-hr preincubation, halothane was vaporized in the vial producing a 1.9 mM medium concentration. Halothane metabolites (Br-, trifluoroacetic acid, F-) were measured at 2, 4, and 6 hr. Viability of the incubated slices was verified by determining intracellular K+ content and levels of cytochrome P-450, which were maintained under 95% O2 atmosphere but decreased with lower O2 tensions (2.5%). The highest fluoride production was 300 ± 22 pmol/mg slice weight/6 hr at low O2 tension (2.5%). Defluorination decreased with increasing O2 tension to undetectable levels under 95% O2. Production of the oxidative metabolite, trifluoroacetic acid, was highest at 95% O2 (2.35 ± 0.17 nmol/mg slice weight/6 hr). Trifluoroacetic acid production decreased with decreasing O2 tension. Br- production was the highest at 21% O2 (1.8 ± 0.13 nmol/mg slice weight/6 hr). Production of Br- was not dependent on the O2 tension. The guinea pig slices are capable of biotransforming halothane (oxidative/reductive); therefore, this in vitro system appears suitable for studying the biotransformation of halothane.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Drug Metabolism and Disposition|
|State||Published - 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science