Bisphenol A (BPA) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the surface sediment and bivalves from Hormozgan Province coastline in the Northern Persian Gulf: A focus on source apportionment

Fatemeh Abootalebi Jahromi, Farid Moore, Behnam Keshavarzi, Seyedeh Laili Mohebbi-Nozar, Zargham Mohammadi, Armin Sorooshian, Sajjad Abbasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study investigates Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) and Bisphenol-A (BPA) pollution in coastal sediments and bivalves of Hormozgan Province coastline. The results indicated that the BPA concentration in some bivalves reached up to 340.16 ng g1. The mean BPA concentration in the sediment samples was also 787.01 ng g1. The ∑PAHs content in sediments ranged from 14.54 to 85.00 ng g1, while values for bivalves ranged from 5.37 to 16.40 ng g1. Individual PAH concentrations in sediments exceeded those in bivalves for which only LMW PAHs were detected. A combination of techniques including Self-Organizing Maps (SOM), Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF), and Cluster Analysis (CA) were applied and both petrogenic and pyrogenic sources were identified. The risk of PAHs in the sediments was relatively low according to the sediment quality guidelines. The health risk indices suggest that exposure to PAHs through bivalve consumption does not impose harmful health effects upon consumers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number110941
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume152
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Bivalve
  • Coastal sediments
  • Human health risk
  • PMF
  • Risk assessment
  • SOM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Pollution

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