High serum cholesterol is a major risk factor for atherosclerosis. This cross-sectional study (n = 102) investigated the levels of total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides (TG) in Egyptian girls aged 11 to 16 years attending a middle-class public school. The mean TC level was 194.27 ± 21.97 mg/dl, and 33.33% of girls had TC levels > 200 mg/dl. The mean TG level was 160.07 ± 30.83 mg/dl, with 3.92% of the girls showing TG levels > 200 mg/dl. Most of the girls (65.69%) were overweight, with body mass index (BMI) > 25. Univariate analyses revealed an association of TC and TG with all anthropometric measures. Using stepwise regression analyses, the best model for prediction of TC was with BMI and central body fat (explaining 24.76% of TC variance); the final model for TG was with BMI, central body fat, and abdominal skinfold thickness (explaining 47.49% of TG variance). Our data show that these adolescent Egyptian girls were heavier and had higher blood lipid concentrations than subjects in the Bogalusa study and other studies worldwide. Further studies are needed to determine the factors associated with these higher lipid levels and to develop appropriate intervention programmes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Science
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Nutrition and Dietetics