Bluechist-bearing metamorphic core complexes in the Qiangtang block reveal deep crustal structure of northern Tibet

P. Kapp, A. Yin, C. E. Manning, M. Murphy, T. M. Harrison, M. Spurlin, D. Lin, D. Xi-Guang, W. Cun-Ming

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

296 Scopus citations

Abstract

A 500-km-long belt of metamorphic exposures in the Qiangtang block provides an opportunity to study the internal structure of northern Tibetan crust. Metamorphic rocks exposed at two widely separated areas along this belt consist of blueschist-bearing melange and are bounded by Late Triassic-Early Jurassic, domal, low-angle normal faults. We propose that this melange was underplated to the Qiangtang block and was subsequently exhumed by detachment faulting; both the underplating and the exhumation occurred during early Mesozoic southward subduction of oceanic lithosphere along the Jinsha suture. This model predicts that the deeper crust of much of northern Tibet consists of accretionary melange, in contrast to the continental crystalline crust of southern Tibet, and may account for north-south variations of Cenozoic tectonism in Tibet.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-22
Number of pages4
JournalGeology
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Blueschist exhumation
  • Crustal structure
  • Detachment faults
  • Melange
  • Qiantang
  • Tibet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

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    Kapp, P., Yin, A., Manning, C. E., Murphy, M., Harrison, T. M., Spurlin, M., Lin, D., Xi-Guang, D., & Cun-Ming, W. (2000). Bluechist-bearing metamorphic core complexes in the Qiangtang block reveal deep crustal structure of northern Tibet. Geology, 28(1), 19-22. https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(2000)28<19:BMCCIT>2.0.CO;2