Body composition assessment for development of an international growth standard for preadolescent and adolescent children

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58 Scopus citations

Abstract

General considerations in assessing body composition in children and youths are described. Various methods are explored and recommendations are made for methods to be used in the International Growth Standard for Pre-adolescent and Adolescent Children Project. Exclusion of under- and overweight participants is recommended, and a method is proposed to assess both underweight and overweight. In addition to height and weight, we recommend waist circumference, selected skinfolds, and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) as a measure of fat, lean, and bone mineral density. We also propose using both fat mass index and fat-free mass index as an improvement over body-mass index.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S314-S325
JournalFood and Nutrition Bulletin
Volume27
Issue number4 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2006

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Anthropometry
  • Body composition
  • Body fat
  • Body-mass index
  • DXA
  • Growth
  • Preadolescent
  • Total body water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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