Body Weight and Bulimia as Discriminators of Psychological Characteristics Among Anorexic, Bulimic, and Obese Women

Catherine M. Shisslak, Susan L. Pazda, Marjorie Crago

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bulimic women from underweight (n = 20), normal-weight (n = 31), and overweight (n = 22) categories were compared with restrictor anorexics (n = 20), normal controls (n = 31), and obese subjects (n = 22). Each subject was administered the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, the Internal-External Locus of Control Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Semantic Differential Potency Scale. Bulimic women in all 3 weight categories exhibited greater psychopathology, more external locus of control, lower self-esteem, and lower sense of personal effectiveness than nonbulimic women at similar weight levels. The highest psychopathology, lowest self-esteem, and most external locus of control were found among the underweight bulimic women. Significant differences between bulimic women of different weight levels suggest the need for some modification of treatment approaches depending on the bulimic woman's weight level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)380-384
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Abnormal Psychology
Volume99
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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