Bombesin stimulates small intestinal motility after intracerebroventricular administration to rats

Frank Porreca, Jeffrey T. Fulginiti, Thomas F. Burks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The frequency and amplitude of contractions occurring in the duodenum and the jejunem of freely-moving, unanesthetized, female Sprague-Dawley rats were determined by continuously recording intestinal intraluminal pressure. Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of saline did not significantly alter the frequency of contractions in either small bowel region when compared with activity observed during a preinjection control period. I.c.v. administration of bombesin (0.1-10 μg) produced a dose-related increase in the frequency of duodenal contractions of up to 583% of control. While an increase in jejunal motility was consistently seen with doses of 1 and 10 μg, the lowest bombesin dose tested (0.1 μg) produced a significant decrease in the frequency of contractions in this intestinal area. The intestinal motor effects were seen within the first 30 min after the peptide, and lasted for at least 1 h. Intraperitoneal administration of bombesin, at doses 200 times higher than those given centrally, failed to significantly alter intestinal motility at either recording site. Whether all of the complex intestinal motor effects of bombesin can be directly related to its centrally initiated inhibitory transit effect is unclear; however, the stimulation of contraction frequency in the duodenum at all doses tested suggest that the antitransit effects of bombesin may be, in part, the result of either an increase in the frequency of non-propulsive contractions or a disruption of the normal coordinated propulsive motility pattern of the duodenum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-173
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume114
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 1985

Keywords

  • Bombesin
  • Duodenal motility
  • Intracerebroventricular
  • Jejunal motility
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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