Bone conduction masking for brainstem auditory-evoked potentials (BAEP) in pediatric audiological evaluations. Validation of the test

Antonio Ysunza, Barbara K Cone-Wesson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A brainstem auditory-evoked potential (BAEP) protocol for testing pediatric patients at risk for conductive hearing impairment was evaluated. The protocol used was: air-conducted click stimuli masked by bone-conducted wide-band noise. The specificity and sensitivity values for the test were determined by means of a blind cross-sectional trial including an active group of patients with an aural malformation and an age-matched control group with a sensorineural impairment. The bone-conducted masking of air-conducted BAEP showed high specificity and sensitivity and was easily administered despite pediatric difficulty. It was useful in differentiating sensorineural from conductive impairment and provided a rough estimate of the cochlear reserve in presumptive conductive hearing loss as great as 60 dB hearing loss. It is concluded that the bone-conducted masking procedure appears to be a great help in the binary decision whether middle ear surgery should be performed in patients at risk for conductive hearing loss, specially children with aural malformations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-302
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Bone Conduction
Brain Stem Auditory Evoked Potentials
Conductive Hearing Loss
Pediatrics
Hearing Loss
Bone and Bones
Ear
Air
Sensitivity and Specificity
Cochlea
Middle Ear
Noise
Research Design
Control Groups

Keywords

  • Bone-conducted masking
  • Brainstem auditory-evoked potential (BAEP)
  • Sensitivity
  • Specificity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Surgery

Cite this

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abstract = "A brainstem auditory-evoked potential (BAEP) protocol for testing pediatric patients at risk for conductive hearing impairment was evaluated. The protocol used was: air-conducted click stimuli masked by bone-conducted wide-band noise. The specificity and sensitivity values for the test were determined by means of a blind cross-sectional trial including an active group of patients with an aural malformation and an age-matched control group with a sensorineural impairment. The bone-conducted masking of air-conducted BAEP showed high specificity and sensitivity and was easily administered despite pediatric difficulty. It was useful in differentiating sensorineural from conductive impairment and provided a rough estimate of the cochlear reserve in presumptive conductive hearing loss as great as 60 dB hearing loss. It is concluded that the bone-conducted masking procedure appears to be a great help in the binary decision whether middle ear surgery should be performed in patients at risk for conductive hearing loss, specially children with aural malformations.",
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AU - Cone-Wesson, Barbara K

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N2 - A brainstem auditory-evoked potential (BAEP) protocol for testing pediatric patients at risk for conductive hearing impairment was evaluated. The protocol used was: air-conducted click stimuli masked by bone-conducted wide-band noise. The specificity and sensitivity values for the test were determined by means of a blind cross-sectional trial including an active group of patients with an aural malformation and an age-matched control group with a sensorineural impairment. The bone-conducted masking of air-conducted BAEP showed high specificity and sensitivity and was easily administered despite pediatric difficulty. It was useful in differentiating sensorineural from conductive impairment and provided a rough estimate of the cochlear reserve in presumptive conductive hearing loss as great as 60 dB hearing loss. It is concluded that the bone-conducted masking procedure appears to be a great help in the binary decision whether middle ear surgery should be performed in patients at risk for conductive hearing loss, specially children with aural malformations.

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