Purpose. This study aimed to explore whether bone marrow- (BM-) derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) contributing to monocrotaline- (MCT-) induced pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in rats via modulating store-operated Ca2+ channels (SOC). Methods. Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were assigned into MCT group (n = 30) and control group (n = 20). Rats in MCT group were subcutaneously administered with 60 mg/kg MCT solution, and rats in control group were injected with equal amount of vehicle. After 3 weeks of treatment, right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) and right ventricular hypertrophy index (RVHI) of two groups were measured, and BM-derived EPCs were isolated. Immunochemistry identification and vasculogenesis detection of EPCs were then performed. Ca2+cyt measurement was performed to detect store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) in two groups, followed by determination of Orai and canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) channels expression. Results. After 3 weeks of treatment, there were significant increases in RVSP and RVHI in MCT group compared with control group, indicating that MCT successfully induced PAH in rats. Moreover, the SOCE (Ca2+cyt rise) in BM-derived EPCs of MCT group was lower than that of control group. Furthermore, the expression levels of Orai3, TRPC1, TRPC3, and TRPC6 in BM-derived EPCs were decreased in MCT group in comparison with control group. Conclusions. The SOC activities were inhibited in BM-derived EPCs of MCT-treated rats. These results may be associated with the depressed expression of Orai3, TRPC1, TRPC3, and TRPC6, which are major mediators of SOC.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)