Purpose: To directly compare diffusion metrics derived from multiband (MB) imaging sequences to those derived using a single-band acquisition. Methods: In this work, diffusion metrics from DTI and mean apparent propagator MRI derived from a commercial MB sequence with an acceleration factor of 3 are compared with those derived from a conventional diffusion MRI sequence using a novel bootstrapping analysis scheme on oversampled diffusion MRI data. The average parameter values for fractional anisotropy and mean diffusivity derived from DTI, as well as propagator anisotropy and return to origin probability derived from mean apparent propagator MRI, are compared. Results: Fractional anisotropy and propagator anisotropy are very similar when computed from data collected with and without MB, but show minor differences at low and high values of fractional anisotropy/propagator anisotropy. Mean diffusivity values are generally lower in the MB-derived maps, and return to origin probability is generally higher. The coefficient of variation of each parameter is shown to be slightly higher on average from the maps derived from MB versus single band when the TR is short, and slightly lower when the TR of the MB and single-band experiments is equal. Conclusion: These results demonstrate that the MB sequence tested in this work provides very similar results to a conventional diffusion MRI sequence. The MB sequence is affected minimally by the slight decrease in SNR associated with the parallel reconstruction and reduced TR, and there are relaxation effects associated with the reduced TR.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging