Brain imaging approaches to the study of functional GI disorders: A Rome Working Team Report

E. A. Mayer, Q. Aziz, S. Coen, M. Kern, J. S. Labus, R. Lane, B. Kuo, B. Naliboff, I. Tracey

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

140 Scopus citations

Abstract

Progresses in the understanding of human brain-gut interactions in health and disease have been limited by the lack of non-invasive techniques to study brain activity. The advent of neuroimaging techniques has made it possible not only to study the structure and function of the brain, but also to characterize signaling system underlying brain function. This article gives a brief overview of relevant functional neuroanatomy, and of the most commonly used brain imaging techniques. It summarizes published functional brain imaging studies using acute visceral stimulation of the oesophagus, stomach and colon in healthy control subjects and patients with functional GI disorders, and briefly discusses pertinent findings from these studies. The article concludes with a critical assessment of published studies, and with recommendations for improved study paradigms and analysis strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)579-596
Number of pages18
JournalNeurogastroenterology and Motility
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2009

Keywords

  • Attention
  • Emotion
  • Functional magnetic resonance imaging
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Positron emission tomography
  • Sex differences
  • Visceral pain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Gastroenterology

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