Broad-Minded: Sociality and the Cognitive Science of Morality

John M. Doris, Shaun B Nichols

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The article gives an overview on the concept of individualism in cognitive science. Individualism maintains that optimal human reasoning is substantially asocial, and therefore implies that sociality does not facilitate, and may impede, reasoning. The cognitive science of morality very frequently proceeds with individualist assumptions. The individualist may allow that normal development requires sociality, but deny that optimal reasoning in mature individuals requires it. The optimal cognitive functioning is both developed and sustained through sociality. The optimal exercise of rationality is a socially embedded process. It means that sociality is not just a precondition of rationality, but that even among those with normal cognitive functioning, the optimal exercise of rationality typically occurs as part of a social process. The sociality has a significant role in substantial cognitive achievement, such as scientific and technological discovery. A large body of research indicates that motivation plays a crucial role in reasoning. The optimal human reasoning is substantially asocial, and sociality is necessary for the development of optimal reasoning. The sociality is necessary for the sustenance of optimal reasoning, and for the transmission of information. One important feature of group interactions is that they are likely to induce emotional responses. Many familiar emotions such as anger, guilt, and sympathy are characteristically triggered by cues in social interaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Cognitive Science
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Print)9780199940967, 9780195309799
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2012

Fingerprint

Sociality
Morality
Cognitive Science
Rationality
Human Reasoning
Individualism
Exercise
Sympathy
Emotion
Social Processes
Anger
Emotional Response
Group Interaction
Guilt
Social Interaction

Keywords

  • Cognitive science of morality
  • Individualism
  • Optimal human reasoning
  • Sociality
  • Socially embedded reasoning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)

Cite this

Doris, J. M., & Nichols, S. B. (2012). Broad-Minded: Sociality and the Cognitive Science of Morality. In The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Cognitive Science Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195309799.013.0018

Broad-Minded : Sociality and the Cognitive Science of Morality. / Doris, John M.; Nichols, Shaun B.

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Cognitive Science. Oxford University Press, 2012.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Doris, JM & Nichols, SB 2012, Broad-Minded: Sociality and the Cognitive Science of Morality. in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Cognitive Science. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195309799.013.0018
Doris JM, Nichols SB. Broad-Minded: Sociality and the Cognitive Science of Morality. In The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Cognitive Science. Oxford University Press. 2012 https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195309799.013.0018
Doris, John M. ; Nichols, Shaun B. / Broad-Minded : Sociality and the Cognitive Science of Morality. The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Cognitive Science. Oxford University Press, 2012.
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