A single-mode, electroactive waveguiding platform capable of measuring spectroelectrochemical responses of surfaceadsorbed redox-active molecules over a broad spectral bandwidth has been created. This new planar waveguide spectrometer is a combination of the previously developed electroactive integrated optical waveguide (EAIOW; Dunphy, D. R.; Mendes, S. B.; Saavedra, S. S.; Armstrong, N. R. Anal. Chem. 1997, 69, 3086-3094) with a recently reported simplified approach to broadband coupling (Bradshaw, J. T.; Mendes, S. B.; Saavedra, S. S. Anal. Chem. 2002, 74, 1751-1759). With the use of a commercially available prism as an incoupling element, the EA-IOW can now guide visible light from at least 500 to 700 nm, improving upon its previously demonstrated monochromatic nature. Coupling profiles of various laser lines along with transmission spectra of narrow band-pass filters at various potentials are used to demonstrate the optical characteristics of this broadband EA-IOW and to compare its response to that of a conventional transmission instrument. Assessment of spectral resolution, performed by measuring the fwhm of various laser lines, ranges from 0.6 to 0.8. To demonstrate the capabilities of this technology, we show the acquisition of absorbance spectra of two different adsorbates, cytochrome c and ferrocenedicarboxylic acid, as a function of applied potential. Subtleties in the redox chemistries of adsorbed molecules, which were difficult to monitor with a monochromatic waveguide, are readily apparent when using the broadband coupling scheme.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry