When human promyelocytic leukemia cells (HL-60) are induced by phorbol esters to differentiate to macrophages, the process is accompanied by immediate activation of protein kinase C (PK-C) in the cytoplasm and later changes in DNA and RNA synthesis. Although these events are temporarily related, it remains unclear how activation of this protein kinase leads to changes in nuclear transcription. In this study, we find that bryostatin, a macrocyclic lactone which does not induce differentiation of HL-60 cells but activates PK-C, mimics the effects of phorbol esters on protein phosphorylation and PK-C location. Treatment of HL-60 cells with bryostatin stimulates phosphorylation of the surface transferrin receptor and in the cytoplasm of five proteins having the molecular weights of 17-43 kDa over the same time course as that stimulated by phorbol esters. Similarly, prolonged treatment with bryostatin, like that with phorbol esters, causes the loss of all cellular PK-C activity. Unlike the phosphorylation studies, bryostatin treatment, over a 1-100 nM concentration range and for varying lengths of time, did not affect HL-60 c-myc RNA levels, while phorbol ester treatment rapidly decreased c-myc RNA levels. These data suggest that neither the activation of PK-C and the phosphorylation of specific substrates nor the loss of total cellular PK-C activity from HL-60 cells is sufficient to induce marked decreases in c-myc levels and differentiation of HL-60 cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research