Building a tephrostratigraphic framework for the Paleolithic of Central Anatolia, Turkey

Christian A. Tryon, M. Amelia V Logan, Damase Mouralis, Steven L Kuhn, Ludovic Slimak, Nur Balkan-Atli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Central Anatolian Volcanic Province (CAVP) in Turkey preserves widespread deposits of Quaternary tephra, presently associated with a small but growing number of Paleolithic archaeological sites. We use multivariate analyses of the abundances of a suite of nine major and minor element oxides determined by electron probe microanalysis. From these data, we construct a classificatory model for correlating distal tephra to one of five volcanic edifices or eruptive phases within the CAVP. Application of this model to distal deposits of primary tephra-fall and reworked tuffaceous sediments from the archaeological sites of Körkuyu and Kaletepe Deresi 3 indicates Late to possibly Early Pleistocene ages for the artifact assemblages there, and provides a fundamental tephrostratigraphic framework to examine spatial and temporal variation in hominin behavior comparable to that of other regions, such as eastern Africa.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)637-652
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2009

Fingerprint

Turkey
artifact
Tephra
Central Anatolia
Palaeolithic
Distal
Archaeological Sites
Early Pleistocene
Fundamental
Artifact
Assemblages
Sediment
Eastern Africa

Keywords

  • Kaletepe Deresi 3
  • Lower Paleolithic
  • Middle Paleolithic
  • Tephra correlation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Archaeology

Cite this

Building a tephrostratigraphic framework for the Paleolithic of Central Anatolia, Turkey. / Tryon, Christian A.; Logan, M. Amelia V; Mouralis, Damase; Kuhn, Steven L; Slimak, Ludovic; Balkan-Atli, Nur.

In: Journal of Archaeological Science, Vol. 36, No. 3, 03.2009, p. 637-652.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tryon, Christian A. ; Logan, M. Amelia V ; Mouralis, Damase ; Kuhn, Steven L ; Slimak, Ludovic ; Balkan-Atli, Nur. / Building a tephrostratigraphic framework for the Paleolithic of Central Anatolia, Turkey. In: Journal of Archaeological Science. 2009 ; Vol. 36, No. 3. pp. 637-652.
@article{8934a966087a48e883b298e3259bf60f,
title = "Building a tephrostratigraphic framework for the Paleolithic of Central Anatolia, Turkey",
abstract = "The Central Anatolian Volcanic Province (CAVP) in Turkey preserves widespread deposits of Quaternary tephra, presently associated with a small but growing number of Paleolithic archaeological sites. We use multivariate analyses of the abundances of a suite of nine major and minor element oxides determined by electron probe microanalysis. From these data, we construct a classificatory model for correlating distal tephra to one of five volcanic edifices or eruptive phases within the CAVP. Application of this model to distal deposits of primary tephra-fall and reworked tuffaceous sediments from the archaeological sites of K{\"o}rkuyu and Kaletepe Deresi 3 indicates Late to possibly Early Pleistocene ages for the artifact assemblages there, and provides a fundamental tephrostratigraphic framework to examine spatial and temporal variation in hominin behavior comparable to that of other regions, such as eastern Africa.",
keywords = "Kaletepe Deresi 3, Lower Paleolithic, Middle Paleolithic, Tephra correlation",
author = "Tryon, {Christian A.} and Logan, {M. Amelia V} and Damase Mouralis and Kuhn, {Steven L} and Ludovic Slimak and Nur Balkan-Atli",
year = "2009",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1016/j.jas.2008.10.006",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "36",
pages = "637--652",
journal = "Journal of Archaeological Science",
issn = "0305-4403",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Building a tephrostratigraphic framework for the Paleolithic of Central Anatolia, Turkey

AU - Tryon, Christian A.

AU - Logan, M. Amelia V

AU - Mouralis, Damase

AU - Kuhn, Steven L

AU - Slimak, Ludovic

AU - Balkan-Atli, Nur

PY - 2009/3

Y1 - 2009/3

N2 - The Central Anatolian Volcanic Province (CAVP) in Turkey preserves widespread deposits of Quaternary tephra, presently associated with a small but growing number of Paleolithic archaeological sites. We use multivariate analyses of the abundances of a suite of nine major and minor element oxides determined by electron probe microanalysis. From these data, we construct a classificatory model for correlating distal tephra to one of five volcanic edifices or eruptive phases within the CAVP. Application of this model to distal deposits of primary tephra-fall and reworked tuffaceous sediments from the archaeological sites of Körkuyu and Kaletepe Deresi 3 indicates Late to possibly Early Pleistocene ages for the artifact assemblages there, and provides a fundamental tephrostratigraphic framework to examine spatial and temporal variation in hominin behavior comparable to that of other regions, such as eastern Africa.

AB - The Central Anatolian Volcanic Province (CAVP) in Turkey preserves widespread deposits of Quaternary tephra, presently associated with a small but growing number of Paleolithic archaeological sites. We use multivariate analyses of the abundances of a suite of nine major and minor element oxides determined by electron probe microanalysis. From these data, we construct a classificatory model for correlating distal tephra to one of five volcanic edifices or eruptive phases within the CAVP. Application of this model to distal deposits of primary tephra-fall and reworked tuffaceous sediments from the archaeological sites of Körkuyu and Kaletepe Deresi 3 indicates Late to possibly Early Pleistocene ages for the artifact assemblages there, and provides a fundamental tephrostratigraphic framework to examine spatial and temporal variation in hominin behavior comparable to that of other regions, such as eastern Africa.

KW - Kaletepe Deresi 3

KW - Lower Paleolithic

KW - Middle Paleolithic

KW - Tephra correlation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=58149312974&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=58149312974&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jas.2008.10.006

DO - 10.1016/j.jas.2008.10.006

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:58149312974

VL - 36

SP - 637

EP - 652

JO - Journal of Archaeological Science

JF - Journal of Archaeological Science

SN - 0305-4403

IS - 3

ER -