Can anticoagulated patients be discharged home safely from the emergency department after minor head injury?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Anticoagulated patients have increased risk for bleeding, and serious outcomes could occur after head injury. Controversy exists regarding the utility of head computed tomography (CT) in allowing safe discharge dispositions for anticoagulated patients suffering minor head injury. Clinical Question What is the risk of delayed intracranial hemorrhage in anticoagulated patients with minor head injury and a normal initial head CT scan? Evidence Review Four observational studies were reviewed that investigated the outcomes of anticoagulated patients who presented after minor head injury. Results Overall incidence of death or neurosurgical intervention ranged from 0 to 1.1% among the patients investigated. The studies did not clarify which patients were at highest risk. Conclusion The literature does not support mandatory admission for all anticoagulated patients after minor head injury, but further studies are needed to identify the higher-risk patients for delayed bleeding to determine appropriate management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)410-417
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Emergency Medicine
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014

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Craniocerebral Trauma
Hospital Emergency Service
Head
Tomography
Hemorrhage
Intracranial Hemorrhages
Observational Studies
Incidence

Keywords

  • anticoagulation
  • head injury
  • medical imaging
  • prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Can anticoagulated patients be discharged home safely from the emergency department after minor head injury?",
abstract = "Background Anticoagulated patients have increased risk for bleeding, and serious outcomes could occur after head injury. Controversy exists regarding the utility of head computed tomography (CT) in allowing safe discharge dispositions for anticoagulated patients suffering minor head injury. Clinical Question What is the risk of delayed intracranial hemorrhage in anticoagulated patients with minor head injury and a normal initial head CT scan? Evidence Review Four observational studies were reviewed that investigated the outcomes of anticoagulated patients who presented after minor head injury. Results Overall incidence of death or neurosurgical intervention ranged from 0 to 1.1{\%} among the patients investigated. The studies did not clarify which patients were at highest risk. Conclusion The literature does not support mandatory admission for all anticoagulated patients after minor head injury, but further studies are needed to identify the higher-risk patients for delayed bleeding to determine appropriate management.",
keywords = "anticoagulation, head injury, medical imaging, prognosis",
author = "Brian Cohn and Keim, {Samuel M} and Sanders, {Arthur B}",
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AU - Keim, Samuel M

AU - Sanders, Arthur B

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N2 - Background Anticoagulated patients have increased risk for bleeding, and serious outcomes could occur after head injury. Controversy exists regarding the utility of head computed tomography (CT) in allowing safe discharge dispositions for anticoagulated patients suffering minor head injury. Clinical Question What is the risk of delayed intracranial hemorrhage in anticoagulated patients with minor head injury and a normal initial head CT scan? Evidence Review Four observational studies were reviewed that investigated the outcomes of anticoagulated patients who presented after minor head injury. Results Overall incidence of death or neurosurgical intervention ranged from 0 to 1.1% among the patients investigated. The studies did not clarify which patients were at highest risk. Conclusion The literature does not support mandatory admission for all anticoagulated patients after minor head injury, but further studies are needed to identify the higher-risk patients for delayed bleeding to determine appropriate management.

AB - Background Anticoagulated patients have increased risk for bleeding, and serious outcomes could occur after head injury. Controversy exists regarding the utility of head computed tomography (CT) in allowing safe discharge dispositions for anticoagulated patients suffering minor head injury. Clinical Question What is the risk of delayed intracranial hemorrhage in anticoagulated patients with minor head injury and a normal initial head CT scan? Evidence Review Four observational studies were reviewed that investigated the outcomes of anticoagulated patients who presented after minor head injury. Results Overall incidence of death or neurosurgical intervention ranged from 0 to 1.1% among the patients investigated. The studies did not clarify which patients were at highest risk. Conclusion The literature does not support mandatory admission for all anticoagulated patients after minor head injury, but further studies are needed to identify the higher-risk patients for delayed bleeding to determine appropriate management.

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