CAN the 14C PRODUCTION in 1055 CE BE AFFECTED by SN1054?

F. Terrasi, F. Marzaioli, R. Buompane, I. Passariello, G. Porzio, M. Capano, S. Helama, M. Oinonen, P. Nöjd, J. Uusitalo, A. J.T. Jull, I. P. Panyushkina, C. Baisan, M. Molnar, T. Varga, G. Kovaltsov, S. Poluianov, I. Usoskin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Annually resolved radiocarbon (14C) measurements on tree rings led to the discovery of abrupt variations in 14C production attributed to large solar flares. We present new results of annual and subannual 14C fluctuations in tree rings from a middle-latitude sequoia (California) and a high-latitude pine (Finland), analyzed for the period 1030-1080 CE, to trace a possible impact of the Crab supernova explosion, occurring during the Oort minimum of solar activity. Our results indicate an increase of Δ14C around 1054/55 CE, which we estimate is higher in magnitude than the cyclic variability due to solar activity at a 2σ significance level. The net signal appears to be synchronized in the studied locations. Several sources of this event are possible including γ-rays from the Crab supernova, an unusually weak solar minimum or a solar energetic particle incident. More data are needed to provide more insight into the origin of this 14C event.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1403-1418
Number of pages16
JournalRadiocarbon
Volume62
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

Keywords

  • radiocarbon AMS
  • supernova
  • tree rings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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