Candels: The Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey

Norman A. Grogin, Dale D. Kocevski, S. M. Faber, Henry C. Ferguson, Anton M. Koekemoer, Adam G. Riess, Viviana Acquaviva, David M. Alexander, Omar Almaini, Matthew L N Ashby, Marco Barden, Eric F. Bell, Frédéric Bournaud, Thomas M. Brown, Karina I. Caputi, Stefano Casertano, Paolo Cassata, Marco Castellano, Peter Challis, Ranga Ram CharyEdmond Cheung, Michele Cirasuolo, Christopher J. Conselice, Asantha Roshan Cooray, Darren J. Croton, Emanuele Daddi, Tomas Dahlen, Romeel S Dave, Duília F. De Mello, Avishai Dekel, Mark Dickinson, Timothy Dolch, Jennifer L. Donley, James S. Dunlop, Aaron A. Dutton, David Elbaz, Giovanni G. Fazio, Alexei V. Filippenko, Steven L. Finkelstein, Adriano Fontana, Jonathan P. Gardner, Peter M. Garnavich, Eric Gawiser, Mauro Giavalisco, Andrea Grazian, Yicheng Guo, Nimish P. Hathi, Boris Häussler, Philip F. Hopkins, Jia Sheng Huang, Kuang Han Huang, Saurabh W. Jha, Jeyhan S. Kartaltepe, Robert P. Kirshner, David C. Koo, Kamson Lai, Kyoung Soo Lee, Weidong Li, Jennifer M. Lotz, Ray A. Lucas, Piero Madau, Patrick J. McCarthy, Elizabeth J. McGrath, Daniel H. McIntosh, Ross J. McLure, Bahram Mobasher, Leonidas A. Moustakas, Mark Mozena, Kirpal Nandra, Jeffrey A. Newman, Sami Matias Niemi, Kai G. Noeske, Casey J. Papovich, Laura Pentericci, Alexandra Pope, Joel R. Primack, Abhijith Rajan, Swara Ravindranath, Naveen A. Reddy, Alvio Renzini, Hans Walter Rix, Aday R. Robaina, Steven A. Rodney, David J. Rosario, Piero Rosati, Sara Salimbeni, Claudia Scarlata, Brian Siana, Luc Simard, Joseph Smidt, Rachel S. Somerville, Hyron Spinrad, Amber N. Straughn, Louis Gregory Strolger, Olivia Telford, Harry I. Teplitz, Jonathan R. Trump, Arjen Van Der Wel, Carolin Villforth, Risa H. Wechsler, Benjamin J. Weiner, Tommy Wiklind, Vivienne Wild, Grant Wilson, Stijn Wuyts, Hao Jing Yan, Min S. Yun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

938 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey (CANDELS) is designed to document the first third of galactic evolution, over the approximate redshift (z) range 8-1.5. It will image >250,000 distant galaxies using three separate cameras on the Hubble Space Telescope, from the mid-ultraviolet to the near-infrared, and will find and measure Type Ia supernovae at z > 1.5 to test their accuracy as standardizable candles for cosmology. Five premier multi-wavelength sky regions are selected, each with extensive ancillary data. The use of five widely separated fields mitigates cosmic variance and yields statistically robust and complete samples of galaxies down to a stellar mass of 109 M to z 2, reaching the knee of the ultraviolet luminosity function of galaxies to z 8. The survey covers approximately 800 arcmin2 and is divided into two parts. The CANDELS/Deep survey (5σ point-source limit H = 27.7mag) covers 125 arcmin2 within Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey (GOODS)-N and GOODS-S. The CANDELS/Wide survey includes GOODS and three additional fields (Extended Groth Strip, COSMOS, and Ultra-deep Survey) and covers the full area to a 5σ point-source limit of H ≳ 27.0mag. Together with the Hubble Ultra Deep Fields, the strategy creates a three-tiered "wedding-cake" approach that has proven efficient for extragalactic surveys. Data from the survey are nonproprietary and are useful for a wide variety of science investigations. In this paper, we describe the basic motivations for the survey, the CANDELS team science goals and the resulting observational requirements, the field selection and geometry, and the observing design. The Hubble data processing and products are described in a companion paper.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number35
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume197
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

Fingerprint

near infrared
assembly
observatories
observatory
galaxies
point sources
point source
data products
galactic evolution
cosmology
stellar mass
Hubble Space Telescope
supernovae
sky
strip
cameras
luminosity
wavelength
geometry
requirements

Keywords

  • cosmology: observations
  • galaxies: high-redshift

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Grogin, N. A., Kocevski, D. D., Faber, S. M., Ferguson, H. C., Koekemoer, A. M., Riess, A. G., ... Yun, M. S. (2011). Candels: The Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey. Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, 197(2), [35]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0067-0049/197/2/35

Candels : The Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey. / Grogin, Norman A.; Kocevski, Dale D.; Faber, S. M.; Ferguson, Henry C.; Koekemoer, Anton M.; Riess, Adam G.; Acquaviva, Viviana; Alexander, David M.; Almaini, Omar; Ashby, Matthew L N; Barden, Marco; Bell, Eric F.; Bournaud, Frédéric; Brown, Thomas M.; Caputi, Karina I.; Casertano, Stefano; Cassata, Paolo; Castellano, Marco; Challis, Peter; Chary, Ranga Ram; Cheung, Edmond; Cirasuolo, Michele; Conselice, Christopher J.; Cooray, Asantha Roshan; Croton, Darren J.; Daddi, Emanuele; Dahlen, Tomas; Dave, Romeel S; De Mello, Duília F.; Dekel, Avishai; Dickinson, Mark; Dolch, Timothy; Donley, Jennifer L.; Dunlop, James S.; Dutton, Aaron A.; Elbaz, David; Fazio, Giovanni G.; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Finkelstein, Steven L.; Fontana, Adriano; Gardner, Jonathan P.; Garnavich, Peter M.; Gawiser, Eric; Giavalisco, Mauro; Grazian, Andrea; Guo, Yicheng; Hathi, Nimish P.; Häussler, Boris; Hopkins, Philip F.; Huang, Jia Sheng; Huang, Kuang Han; Jha, Saurabh W.; Kartaltepe, Jeyhan S.; Kirshner, Robert P.; Koo, David C.; Lai, Kamson; Lee, Kyoung Soo; Li, Weidong; Lotz, Jennifer M.; Lucas, Ray A.; Madau, Piero; McCarthy, Patrick J.; McGrath, Elizabeth J.; McIntosh, Daniel H.; McLure, Ross J.; Mobasher, Bahram; Moustakas, Leonidas A.; Mozena, Mark; Nandra, Kirpal; Newman, Jeffrey A.; Niemi, Sami Matias; Noeske, Kai G.; Papovich, Casey J.; Pentericci, Laura; Pope, Alexandra; Primack, Joel R.; Rajan, Abhijith; Ravindranath, Swara; Reddy, Naveen A.; Renzini, Alvio; Rix, Hans Walter; Robaina, Aday R.; Rodney, Steven A.; Rosario, David J.; Rosati, Piero; Salimbeni, Sara; Scarlata, Claudia; Siana, Brian; Simard, Luc; Smidt, Joseph; Somerville, Rachel S.; Spinrad, Hyron; Straughn, Amber N.; Strolger, Louis Gregory; Telford, Olivia; Teplitz, Harry I.; Trump, Jonathan R.; Van Der Wel, Arjen; Villforth, Carolin; Wechsler, Risa H.; Weiner, Benjamin J.; Wiklind, Tommy; Wild, Vivienne; Wilson, Grant; Wuyts, Stijn; Yan, Hao Jing; Yun, Min S.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, Vol. 197, No. 2, 35, 12.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Grogin, NA, Kocevski, DD, Faber, SM, Ferguson, HC, Koekemoer, AM, Riess, AG, Acquaviva, V, Alexander, DM, Almaini, O, Ashby, MLN, Barden, M, Bell, EF, Bournaud, F, Brown, TM, Caputi, KI, Casertano, S, Cassata, P, Castellano, M, Challis, P, Chary, RR, Cheung, E, Cirasuolo, M, Conselice, CJ, Cooray, AR, Croton, DJ, Daddi, E, Dahlen, T, Dave, RS, De Mello, DF, Dekel, A, Dickinson, M, Dolch, T, Donley, JL, Dunlop, JS, Dutton, AA, Elbaz, D, Fazio, GG, Filippenko, AV, Finkelstein, SL, Fontana, A, Gardner, JP, Garnavich, PM, Gawiser, E, Giavalisco, M, Grazian, A, Guo, Y, Hathi, NP, Häussler, B, Hopkins, PF, Huang, JS, Huang, KH, Jha, SW, Kartaltepe, JS, Kirshner, RP, Koo, DC, Lai, K, Lee, KS, Li, W, Lotz, JM, Lucas, RA, Madau, P, McCarthy, PJ, McGrath, EJ, McIntosh, DH, McLure, RJ, Mobasher, B, Moustakas, LA, Mozena, M, Nandra, K, Newman, JA, Niemi, SM, Noeske, KG, Papovich, CJ, Pentericci, L, Pope, A, Primack, JR, Rajan, A, Ravindranath, S, Reddy, NA, Renzini, A, Rix, HW, Robaina, AR, Rodney, SA, Rosario, DJ, Rosati, P, Salimbeni, S, Scarlata, C, Siana, B, Simard, L, Smidt, J, Somerville, RS, Spinrad, H, Straughn, AN, Strolger, LG, Telford, O, Teplitz, HI, Trump, JR, Van Der Wel, A, Villforth, C, Wechsler, RH, Weiner, BJ, Wiklind, T, Wild, V, Wilson, G, Wuyts, S, Yan, HJ & Yun, MS 2011, 'Candels: The Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey', Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, vol. 197, no. 2, 35. https://doi.org/10.1088/0067-0049/197/2/35
Grogin, Norman A. ; Kocevski, Dale D. ; Faber, S. M. ; Ferguson, Henry C. ; Koekemoer, Anton M. ; Riess, Adam G. ; Acquaviva, Viviana ; Alexander, David M. ; Almaini, Omar ; Ashby, Matthew L N ; Barden, Marco ; Bell, Eric F. ; Bournaud, Frédéric ; Brown, Thomas M. ; Caputi, Karina I. ; Casertano, Stefano ; Cassata, Paolo ; Castellano, Marco ; Challis, Peter ; Chary, Ranga Ram ; Cheung, Edmond ; Cirasuolo, Michele ; Conselice, Christopher J. ; Cooray, Asantha Roshan ; Croton, Darren J. ; Daddi, Emanuele ; Dahlen, Tomas ; Dave, Romeel S ; De Mello, Duília F. ; Dekel, Avishai ; Dickinson, Mark ; Dolch, Timothy ; Donley, Jennifer L. ; Dunlop, James S. ; Dutton, Aaron A. ; Elbaz, David ; Fazio, Giovanni G. ; Filippenko, Alexei V. ; Finkelstein, Steven L. ; Fontana, Adriano ; Gardner, Jonathan P. ; Garnavich, Peter M. ; Gawiser, Eric ; Giavalisco, Mauro ; Grazian, Andrea ; Guo, Yicheng ; Hathi, Nimish P. ; Häussler, Boris ; Hopkins, Philip F. ; Huang, Jia Sheng ; Huang, Kuang Han ; Jha, Saurabh W. ; Kartaltepe, Jeyhan S. ; Kirshner, Robert P. ; Koo, David C. ; Lai, Kamson ; Lee, Kyoung Soo ; Li, Weidong ; Lotz, Jennifer M. ; Lucas, Ray A. ; Madau, Piero ; McCarthy, Patrick J. ; McGrath, Elizabeth J. ; McIntosh, Daniel H. ; McLure, Ross J. ; Mobasher, Bahram ; Moustakas, Leonidas A. ; Mozena, Mark ; Nandra, Kirpal ; Newman, Jeffrey A. ; Niemi, Sami Matias ; Noeske, Kai G. ; Papovich, Casey J. ; Pentericci, Laura ; Pope, Alexandra ; Primack, Joel R. ; Rajan, Abhijith ; Ravindranath, Swara ; Reddy, Naveen A. ; Renzini, Alvio ; Rix, Hans Walter ; Robaina, Aday R. ; Rodney, Steven A. ; Rosario, David J. ; Rosati, Piero ; Salimbeni, Sara ; Scarlata, Claudia ; Siana, Brian ; Simard, Luc ; Smidt, Joseph ; Somerville, Rachel S. ; Spinrad, Hyron ; Straughn, Amber N. ; Strolger, Louis Gregory ; Telford, Olivia ; Teplitz, Harry I. ; Trump, Jonathan R. ; Van Der Wel, Arjen ; Villforth, Carolin ; Wechsler, Risa H. ; Weiner, Benjamin J. ; Wiklind, Tommy ; Wild, Vivienne ; Wilson, Grant ; Wuyts, Stijn ; Yan, Hao Jing ; Yun, Min S. / Candels : The Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey. In: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series. 2011 ; Vol. 197, No. 2.
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abstract = "The Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey (CANDELS) is designed to document the first third of galactic evolution, over the approximate redshift (z) range 8-1.5. It will image >250,000 distant galaxies using three separate cameras on the Hubble Space Telescope, from the mid-ultraviolet to the near-infrared, and will find and measure Type Ia supernovae at z > 1.5 to test their accuracy as standardizable candles for cosmology. Five premier multi-wavelength sky regions are selected, each with extensive ancillary data. The use of five widely separated fields mitigates cosmic variance and yields statistically robust and complete samples of galaxies down to a stellar mass of 109 M to z 2, reaching the knee of the ultraviolet luminosity function of galaxies to z 8. The survey covers approximately 800 arcmin2 and is divided into two parts. The CANDELS/Deep survey (5σ point-source limit H = 27.7mag) covers 125 arcmin2 within Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey (GOODS)-N and GOODS-S. The CANDELS/Wide survey includes GOODS and three additional fields (Extended Groth Strip, COSMOS, and Ultra-deep Survey) and covers the full area to a 5σ point-source limit of H ≳ 27.0mag. Together with the Hubble Ultra Deep Fields, the strategy creates a three-tiered {"}wedding-cake{"} approach that has proven efficient for extragalactic surveys. Data from the survey are nonproprietary and are useful for a wide variety of science investigations. In this paper, we describe the basic motivations for the survey, the CANDELS team science goals and the resulting observational requirements, the field selection and geometry, and the observing design. The Hubble data processing and products are described in a companion paper.",
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T2 - The Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey

AU - Grogin, Norman A.

AU - Kocevski, Dale D.

AU - Faber, S. M.

AU - Ferguson, Henry C.

AU - Koekemoer, Anton M.

AU - Riess, Adam G.

AU - Acquaviva, Viviana

AU - Alexander, David M.

AU - Almaini, Omar

AU - Ashby, Matthew L N

AU - Barden, Marco

AU - Bell, Eric F.

AU - Bournaud, Frédéric

AU - Brown, Thomas M.

AU - Caputi, Karina I.

AU - Casertano, Stefano

AU - Cassata, Paolo

AU - Castellano, Marco

AU - Challis, Peter

AU - Chary, Ranga Ram

AU - Cheung, Edmond

AU - Cirasuolo, Michele

AU - Conselice, Christopher J.

AU - Cooray, Asantha Roshan

AU - Croton, Darren J.

AU - Daddi, Emanuele

AU - Dahlen, Tomas

AU - Dave, Romeel S

AU - De Mello, Duília F.

AU - Dekel, Avishai

AU - Dickinson, Mark

AU - Dolch, Timothy

AU - Donley, Jennifer L.

AU - Dunlop, James S.

AU - Dutton, Aaron A.

AU - Elbaz, David

AU - Fazio, Giovanni G.

AU - Filippenko, Alexei V.

AU - Finkelstein, Steven L.

AU - Fontana, Adriano

AU - Gardner, Jonathan P.

AU - Garnavich, Peter M.

AU - Gawiser, Eric

AU - Giavalisco, Mauro

AU - Grazian, Andrea

AU - Guo, Yicheng

AU - Hathi, Nimish P.

AU - Häussler, Boris

AU - Hopkins, Philip F.

AU - Huang, Jia Sheng

AU - Huang, Kuang Han

AU - Jha, Saurabh W.

AU - Kartaltepe, Jeyhan S.

AU - Kirshner, Robert P.

AU - Koo, David C.

AU - Lai, Kamson

AU - Lee, Kyoung Soo

AU - Li, Weidong

AU - Lotz, Jennifer M.

AU - Lucas, Ray A.

AU - Madau, Piero

AU - McCarthy, Patrick J.

AU - McGrath, Elizabeth J.

AU - McIntosh, Daniel H.

AU - McLure, Ross J.

AU - Mobasher, Bahram

AU - Moustakas, Leonidas A.

AU - Mozena, Mark

AU - Nandra, Kirpal

AU - Newman, Jeffrey A.

AU - Niemi, Sami Matias

AU - Noeske, Kai G.

AU - Papovich, Casey J.

AU - Pentericci, Laura

AU - Pope, Alexandra

AU - Primack, Joel R.

AU - Rajan, Abhijith

AU - Ravindranath, Swara

AU - Reddy, Naveen A.

AU - Renzini, Alvio

AU - Rix, Hans Walter

AU - Robaina, Aday R.

AU - Rodney, Steven A.

AU - Rosario, David J.

AU - Rosati, Piero

AU - Salimbeni, Sara

AU - Scarlata, Claudia

AU - Siana, Brian

AU - Simard, Luc

AU - Smidt, Joseph

AU - Somerville, Rachel S.

AU - Spinrad, Hyron

AU - Straughn, Amber N.

AU - Strolger, Louis Gregory

AU - Telford, Olivia

AU - Teplitz, Harry I.

AU - Trump, Jonathan R.

AU - Van Der Wel, Arjen

AU - Villforth, Carolin

AU - Wechsler, Risa H.

AU - Weiner, Benjamin J.

AU - Wiklind, Tommy

AU - Wild, Vivienne

AU - Wilson, Grant

AU - Wuyts, Stijn

AU - Yan, Hao Jing

AU - Yun, Min S.

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N2 - The Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey (CANDELS) is designed to document the first third of galactic evolution, over the approximate redshift (z) range 8-1.5. It will image >250,000 distant galaxies using three separate cameras on the Hubble Space Telescope, from the mid-ultraviolet to the near-infrared, and will find and measure Type Ia supernovae at z > 1.5 to test their accuracy as standardizable candles for cosmology. Five premier multi-wavelength sky regions are selected, each with extensive ancillary data. The use of five widely separated fields mitigates cosmic variance and yields statistically robust and complete samples of galaxies down to a stellar mass of 109 M to z 2, reaching the knee of the ultraviolet luminosity function of galaxies to z 8. The survey covers approximately 800 arcmin2 and is divided into two parts. The CANDELS/Deep survey (5σ point-source limit H = 27.7mag) covers 125 arcmin2 within Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey (GOODS)-N and GOODS-S. The CANDELS/Wide survey includes GOODS and three additional fields (Extended Groth Strip, COSMOS, and Ultra-deep Survey) and covers the full area to a 5σ point-source limit of H ≳ 27.0mag. Together with the Hubble Ultra Deep Fields, the strategy creates a three-tiered "wedding-cake" approach that has proven efficient for extragalactic surveys. Data from the survey are nonproprietary and are useful for a wide variety of science investigations. In this paper, we describe the basic motivations for the survey, the CANDELS team science goals and the resulting observational requirements, the field selection and geometry, and the observing design. The Hubble data processing and products are described in a companion paper.

AB - The Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey (CANDELS) is designed to document the first third of galactic evolution, over the approximate redshift (z) range 8-1.5. It will image >250,000 distant galaxies using three separate cameras on the Hubble Space Telescope, from the mid-ultraviolet to the near-infrared, and will find and measure Type Ia supernovae at z > 1.5 to test their accuracy as standardizable candles for cosmology. Five premier multi-wavelength sky regions are selected, each with extensive ancillary data. The use of five widely separated fields mitigates cosmic variance and yields statistically robust and complete samples of galaxies down to a stellar mass of 109 M to z 2, reaching the knee of the ultraviolet luminosity function of galaxies to z 8. The survey covers approximately 800 arcmin2 and is divided into two parts. The CANDELS/Deep survey (5σ point-source limit H = 27.7mag) covers 125 arcmin2 within Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey (GOODS)-N and GOODS-S. The CANDELS/Wide survey includes GOODS and three additional fields (Extended Groth Strip, COSMOS, and Ultra-deep Survey) and covers the full area to a 5σ point-source limit of H ≳ 27.0mag. Together with the Hubble Ultra Deep Fields, the strategy creates a three-tiered "wedding-cake" approach that has proven efficient for extragalactic surveys. Data from the survey are nonproprietary and are useful for a wide variety of science investigations. In this paper, we describe the basic motivations for the survey, the CANDELS team science goals and the resulting observational requirements, the field selection and geometry, and the observing design. The Hubble data processing and products are described in a companion paper.

KW - cosmology: observations

KW - galaxies: high-redshift

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