Candels: The cosmic assembly near-infrared deep extragalactic legacy survey - The hubble space telescope observations, imaging data products, and mosaics

Anton M. Koekemoer, S. M. Faber, Henry C. Ferguson, Norman A. Grogin, Dale D. Kocevski, David C. Koo, Kamson Lai, Jennifer M. Lotz, Ray A. Lucas, Elizabeth J. McGrath, Sara Ogaz, Abhijith Rajan, Adam G. Riess, Steve A. Rodney, Louis Strolger, Stefano Casertano, Marco Castellano, Tomas Dahlen, Mark Dickinson, Timothy DolchAdriano Fontana, Mauro Giavalisco, Andrea Grazian, Yicheng Guo, Nimish P. Hathi, Kuang Han Huang, Arjen Van Der Wel, Hao Jing Yan, Viviana Acquaviva, David M. Alexander, Omar Almaini, Matthew L N Ashby, Marco Barden, Eric F. Bell, Frédéric Bournaud, Thomas M. Brown, Karina I. Caputi, Paolo Cassata, Peter J. Challis, Ranga Ram Chary, Edmond Cheung, Michele Cirasuolo, Christopher J. Conselice, Asantha Roshan Cooray, Darren J. Croton, Emanuele Daddi, Romeel S Dave, Duilia F. De Mello, Loic De Ravel, Avishai Dekel, Jennifer L. Donley, James S. Dunlop, Aaron A. Dutton, David Elbaz, Giovanni G. Fazio, Alexei V. Filippenko, Steven L. Finkelstein, Chris Frazer, Jonathan P. Gardner, Peter M. Garnavich, Eric Gawiser, Ruth Gruetzbauch, Will G. Hartley, Boris Häussler, Jessica Herrington, Philip F. Hopkins, Jia Sheng Huang, Saurabh W. Jha, Andrew Johnson, Jeyhan S. Kartaltepe, Ali A. Khostovan, Robert P. Kirshner, Caterina Lani, Kyoung Soo Lee, Weidong Li, Piero Madau, Patrick J. McCarthy, Daniel H. McIntosh, Ross J. McLure, Conor McPartland, Bahram Mobasher, Heidi Moreira, Alice Mortlock, Leonidas A. Moustakas, Mark Mozena, Kirpal Nandra, Jeffrey A. Newman, Jennifer L. Nielsen, Sami Niemi, Kai G. Noeske, Casey J. Papovich, Laura Pentericci, Alexandra Pope, Joel R. Primack, Swara Ravindranath, Naveen A. Reddy, Alvio Renzini, Hans Walter Rix, Aday R. Robaina, David J. Rosario, Piero Rosati, Sara Salimbeni, Claudia Scarlata, Brian Siana, Luc Simard, Joseph Smidt, Diana Snyder, Rachel S. Somerville, Hyron Spinrad, Amber N. Straughn, Olivia Telford, Harry I. Teplitz, Jonathan R. Trump, Carlos Vargas, Carolin Villforth, Cory R. Wagner, Pat Wandro, Risa H. Wechsler, Benjamin J. Weiner, Tommy Wiklind, Vivienne Wild, Grant Wilson, Stijn Wuyts, Min S. Yun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

915 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper describes the Hubble Space Telescope imaging data products and data reduction procedures for the Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey (CANDELS). This survey is designed to document the evolution of galaxies and black holes at z ≈ 1.5-8, and to study Type Ia supernovae at z > 1.5. Five premier multi-wavelength sky regions are selected, each with extensive multi-wavelength observations. The primary CANDELS data consist of imaging obtained in the Wide Field Camera 3 infrared channel (WFC3/IR) and the WFC3 ultraviolet/optical channel, along with the Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS). The CANDELS/Deep survey covers ∼ 125 arcmin 2 within GOODS-N and GOODS-S, while the remainder consists of the CANDELS/Wide survey, achieving a total of ∼ 800 arcmin2 across GOODS and three additional fields (Extended Groth Strip, COSMOS, and Ultra-Deep Survey). We summarize the observational aspects of the survey as motivated by the scientific goals and present a detailed description of the data reduction procedures and products from the survey. Our data reduction methods utilize the most up-to-date calibration files and image combination procedures. We have paid special attention to correcting a range of instrumental effects, including charge transfer efficiency degradation for ACS, removal of electronic bias-striping present in ACS data after Servicing Mission 4, and persistence effects and other artifacts in WFC3/IR. For each field, we release mosaics for individual epochs and eventual mosaics containing data from all epochs combined, to facilitate photometric variability studies and the deepest possible photometry. A more detailed overview of the science goals and observational design of the survey are presented in a companion paper.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number36
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume197
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

Fingerprint

data products
Hubble Space Telescope
near infrared
assembly
cameras
data reduction
mosaic
product
time measurement
wavelength
files
wavelengths
photometry
supernovae
artifact
sky
artifacts

Keywords

  • cosmology: observations
  • galaxies: high-redshift

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Candels : The cosmic assembly near-infrared deep extragalactic legacy survey - The hubble space telescope observations, imaging data products, and mosaics. / Koekemoer, Anton M.; Faber, S. M.; Ferguson, Henry C.; Grogin, Norman A.; Kocevski, Dale D.; Koo, David C.; Lai, Kamson; Lotz, Jennifer M.; Lucas, Ray A.; McGrath, Elizabeth J.; Ogaz, Sara; Rajan, Abhijith; Riess, Adam G.; Rodney, Steve A.; Strolger, Louis; Casertano, Stefano; Castellano, Marco; Dahlen, Tomas; Dickinson, Mark; Dolch, Timothy; Fontana, Adriano; Giavalisco, Mauro; Grazian, Andrea; Guo, Yicheng; Hathi, Nimish P.; Huang, Kuang Han; Van Der Wel, Arjen; Yan, Hao Jing; Acquaviva, Viviana; Alexander, David M.; Almaini, Omar; Ashby, Matthew L N; Barden, Marco; Bell, Eric F.; Bournaud, Frédéric; Brown, Thomas M.; Caputi, Karina I.; Cassata, Paolo; Challis, Peter J.; Chary, Ranga Ram; Cheung, Edmond; Cirasuolo, Michele; Conselice, Christopher J.; Cooray, Asantha Roshan; Croton, Darren J.; Daddi, Emanuele; Dave, Romeel S; De Mello, Duilia F.; De Ravel, Loic; Dekel, Avishai; Donley, Jennifer L.; Dunlop, James S.; Dutton, Aaron A.; Elbaz, David; Fazio, Giovanni G.; Filippenko, Alexei V.; Finkelstein, Steven L.; Frazer, Chris; Gardner, Jonathan P.; Garnavich, Peter M.; Gawiser, Eric; Gruetzbauch, Ruth; Hartley, Will G.; Häussler, Boris; Herrington, Jessica; Hopkins, Philip F.; Huang, Jia Sheng; Jha, Saurabh W.; Johnson, Andrew; Kartaltepe, Jeyhan S.; Khostovan, Ali A.; Kirshner, Robert P.; Lani, Caterina; Lee, Kyoung Soo; Li, Weidong; Madau, Piero; McCarthy, Patrick J.; McIntosh, Daniel H.; McLure, Ross J.; McPartland, Conor; Mobasher, Bahram; Moreira, Heidi; Mortlock, Alice; Moustakas, Leonidas A.; Mozena, Mark; Nandra, Kirpal; Newman, Jeffrey A.; Nielsen, Jennifer L.; Niemi, Sami; Noeske, Kai G.; Papovich, Casey J.; Pentericci, Laura; Pope, Alexandra; Primack, Joel R.; Ravindranath, Swara; Reddy, Naveen A.; Renzini, Alvio; Rix, Hans Walter; Robaina, Aday R.; Rosario, David J.; Rosati, Piero; Salimbeni, Sara; Scarlata, Claudia; Siana, Brian; Simard, Luc; Smidt, Joseph; Snyder, Diana; Somerville, Rachel S.; Spinrad, Hyron; Straughn, Amber N.; Telford, Olivia; Teplitz, Harry I.; Trump, Jonathan R.; Vargas, Carlos; Villforth, Carolin; Wagner, Cory R.; Wandro, Pat; Wechsler, Risa H.; Weiner, Benjamin J.; Wiklind, Tommy; Wild, Vivienne; Wilson, Grant; Wuyts, Stijn; Yun, Min S.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, Vol. 197, No. 2, 36, 12.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Koekemoer, AM, Faber, SM, Ferguson, HC, Grogin, NA, Kocevski, DD, Koo, DC, Lai, K, Lotz, JM, Lucas, RA, McGrath, EJ, Ogaz, S, Rajan, A, Riess, AG, Rodney, SA, Strolger, L, Casertano, S, Castellano, M, Dahlen, T, Dickinson, M, Dolch, T, Fontana, A, Giavalisco, M, Grazian, A, Guo, Y, Hathi, NP, Huang, KH, Van Der Wel, A, Yan, HJ, Acquaviva, V, Alexander, DM, Almaini, O, Ashby, MLN, Barden, M, Bell, EF, Bournaud, F, Brown, TM, Caputi, KI, Cassata, P, Challis, PJ, Chary, RR, Cheung, E, Cirasuolo, M, Conselice, CJ, Cooray, AR, Croton, DJ, Daddi, E, Dave, RS, De Mello, DF, De Ravel, L, Dekel, A, Donley, JL, Dunlop, JS, Dutton, AA, Elbaz, D, Fazio, GG, Filippenko, AV, Finkelstein, SL, Frazer, C, Gardner, JP, Garnavich, PM, Gawiser, E, Gruetzbauch, R, Hartley, WG, Häussler, B, Herrington, J, Hopkins, PF, Huang, JS, Jha, SW, Johnson, A, Kartaltepe, JS, Khostovan, AA, Kirshner, RP, Lani, C, Lee, KS, Li, W, Madau, P, McCarthy, PJ, McIntosh, DH, McLure, RJ, McPartland, C, Mobasher, B, Moreira, H, Mortlock, A, Moustakas, LA, Mozena, M, Nandra, K, Newman, JA, Nielsen, JL, Niemi, S, Noeske, KG, Papovich, CJ, Pentericci, L, Pope, A, Primack, JR, Ravindranath, S, Reddy, NA, Renzini, A, Rix, HW, Robaina, AR, Rosario, DJ, Rosati, P, Salimbeni, S, Scarlata, C, Siana, B, Simard, L, Smidt, J, Snyder, D, Somerville, RS, Spinrad, H, Straughn, AN, Telford, O, Teplitz, HI, Trump, JR, Vargas, C, Villforth, C, Wagner, CR, Wandro, P, Wechsler, RH, Weiner, BJ, Wiklind, T, Wild, V, Wilson, G, Wuyts, S & Yun, MS 2011, 'Candels: The cosmic assembly near-infrared deep extragalactic legacy survey - The hubble space telescope observations, imaging data products, and mosaics', Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, vol. 197, no. 2, 36. https://doi.org/10.1088/0067-0049/197/2/36
Koekemoer, Anton M. ; Faber, S. M. ; Ferguson, Henry C. ; Grogin, Norman A. ; Kocevski, Dale D. ; Koo, David C. ; Lai, Kamson ; Lotz, Jennifer M. ; Lucas, Ray A. ; McGrath, Elizabeth J. ; Ogaz, Sara ; Rajan, Abhijith ; Riess, Adam G. ; Rodney, Steve A. ; Strolger, Louis ; Casertano, Stefano ; Castellano, Marco ; Dahlen, Tomas ; Dickinson, Mark ; Dolch, Timothy ; Fontana, Adriano ; Giavalisco, Mauro ; Grazian, Andrea ; Guo, Yicheng ; Hathi, Nimish P. ; Huang, Kuang Han ; Van Der Wel, Arjen ; Yan, Hao Jing ; Acquaviva, Viviana ; Alexander, David M. ; Almaini, Omar ; Ashby, Matthew L N ; Barden, Marco ; Bell, Eric F. ; Bournaud, Frédéric ; Brown, Thomas M. ; Caputi, Karina I. ; Cassata, Paolo ; Challis, Peter J. ; Chary, Ranga Ram ; Cheung, Edmond ; Cirasuolo, Michele ; Conselice, Christopher J. ; Cooray, Asantha Roshan ; Croton, Darren J. ; Daddi, Emanuele ; Dave, Romeel S ; De Mello, Duilia F. ; De Ravel, Loic ; Dekel, Avishai ; Donley, Jennifer L. ; Dunlop, James S. ; Dutton, Aaron A. ; Elbaz, David ; Fazio, Giovanni G. ; Filippenko, Alexei V. ; Finkelstein, Steven L. ; Frazer, Chris ; Gardner, Jonathan P. ; Garnavich, Peter M. ; Gawiser, Eric ; Gruetzbauch, Ruth ; Hartley, Will G. ; Häussler, Boris ; Herrington, Jessica ; Hopkins, Philip F. ; Huang, Jia Sheng ; Jha, Saurabh W. ; Johnson, Andrew ; Kartaltepe, Jeyhan S. ; Khostovan, Ali A. ; Kirshner, Robert P. ; Lani, Caterina ; Lee, Kyoung Soo ; Li, Weidong ; Madau, Piero ; McCarthy, Patrick J. ; McIntosh, Daniel H. ; McLure, Ross J. ; McPartland, Conor ; Mobasher, Bahram ; Moreira, Heidi ; Mortlock, Alice ; Moustakas, Leonidas A. ; Mozena, Mark ; Nandra, Kirpal ; Newman, Jeffrey A. ; Nielsen, Jennifer L. ; Niemi, Sami ; Noeske, Kai G. ; Papovich, Casey J. ; Pentericci, Laura ; Pope, Alexandra ; Primack, Joel R. ; Ravindranath, Swara ; Reddy, Naveen A. ; Renzini, Alvio ; Rix, Hans Walter ; Robaina, Aday R. ; Rosario, David J. ; Rosati, Piero ; Salimbeni, Sara ; Scarlata, Claudia ; Siana, Brian ; Simard, Luc ; Smidt, Joseph ; Snyder, Diana ; Somerville, Rachel S. ; Spinrad, Hyron ; Straughn, Amber N. ; Telford, Olivia ; Teplitz, Harry I. ; Trump, Jonathan R. ; Vargas, Carlos ; Villforth, Carolin ; Wagner, Cory R. ; Wandro, Pat ; Wechsler, Risa H. ; Weiner, Benjamin J. ; Wiklind, Tommy ; Wild, Vivienne ; Wilson, Grant ; Wuyts, Stijn ; Yun, Min S. / Candels : The cosmic assembly near-infrared deep extragalactic legacy survey - The hubble space telescope observations, imaging data products, and mosaics. In: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series. 2011 ; Vol. 197, No. 2.
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abstract = "This paper describes the Hubble Space Telescope imaging data products and data reduction procedures for the Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey (CANDELS). This survey is designed to document the evolution of galaxies and black holes at z ≈ 1.5-8, and to study Type Ia supernovae at z > 1.5. Five premier multi-wavelength sky regions are selected, each with extensive multi-wavelength observations. The primary CANDELS data consist of imaging obtained in the Wide Field Camera 3 infrared channel (WFC3/IR) and the WFC3 ultraviolet/optical channel, along with the Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS). The CANDELS/Deep survey covers ∼ 125 arcmin 2 within GOODS-N and GOODS-S, while the remainder consists of the CANDELS/Wide survey, achieving a total of ∼ 800 arcmin2 across GOODS and three additional fields (Extended Groth Strip, COSMOS, and Ultra-Deep Survey). We summarize the observational aspects of the survey as motivated by the scientific goals and present a detailed description of the data reduction procedures and products from the survey. Our data reduction methods utilize the most up-to-date calibration files and image combination procedures. We have paid special attention to correcting a range of instrumental effects, including charge transfer efficiency degradation for ACS, removal of electronic bias-striping present in ACS data after Servicing Mission 4, and persistence effects and other artifacts in WFC3/IR. For each field, we release mosaics for individual epochs and eventual mosaics containing data from all epochs combined, to facilitate photometric variability studies and the deepest possible photometry. A more detailed overview of the science goals and observational design of the survey are presented in a companion paper.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Candels

T2 - The cosmic assembly near-infrared deep extragalactic legacy survey - The hubble space telescope observations, imaging data products, and mosaics

AU - Koekemoer, Anton M.

AU - Faber, S. M.

AU - Ferguson, Henry C.

AU - Grogin, Norman A.

AU - Kocevski, Dale D.

AU - Koo, David C.

AU - Lai, Kamson

AU - Lotz, Jennifer M.

AU - Lucas, Ray A.

AU - McGrath, Elizabeth J.

AU - Ogaz, Sara

AU - Rajan, Abhijith

AU - Riess, Adam G.

AU - Rodney, Steve A.

AU - Strolger, Louis

AU - Casertano, Stefano

AU - Castellano, Marco

AU - Dahlen, Tomas

AU - Dickinson, Mark

AU - Dolch, Timothy

AU - Fontana, Adriano

AU - Giavalisco, Mauro

AU - Grazian, Andrea

AU - Guo, Yicheng

AU - Hathi, Nimish P.

AU - Huang, Kuang Han

AU - Van Der Wel, Arjen

AU - Yan, Hao Jing

AU - Acquaviva, Viviana

AU - Alexander, David M.

AU - Almaini, Omar

AU - Ashby, Matthew L N

AU - Barden, Marco

AU - Bell, Eric F.

AU - Bournaud, Frédéric

AU - Brown, Thomas M.

AU - Caputi, Karina I.

AU - Cassata, Paolo

AU - Challis, Peter J.

AU - Chary, Ranga Ram

AU - Cheung, Edmond

AU - Cirasuolo, Michele

AU - Conselice, Christopher J.

AU - Cooray, Asantha Roshan

AU - Croton, Darren J.

AU - Daddi, Emanuele

AU - Dave, Romeel S

AU - De Mello, Duilia F.

AU - De Ravel, Loic

AU - Dekel, Avishai

AU - Donley, Jennifer L.

AU - Dunlop, James S.

AU - Dutton, Aaron A.

AU - Elbaz, David

AU - Fazio, Giovanni G.

AU - Filippenko, Alexei V.

AU - Finkelstein, Steven L.

AU - Frazer, Chris

AU - Gardner, Jonathan P.

AU - Garnavich, Peter M.

AU - Gawiser, Eric

AU - Gruetzbauch, Ruth

AU - Hartley, Will G.

AU - Häussler, Boris

AU - Herrington, Jessica

AU - Hopkins, Philip F.

AU - Huang, Jia Sheng

AU - Jha, Saurabh W.

AU - Johnson, Andrew

AU - Kartaltepe, Jeyhan S.

AU - Khostovan, Ali A.

AU - Kirshner, Robert P.

AU - Lani, Caterina

AU - Lee, Kyoung Soo

AU - Li, Weidong

AU - Madau, Piero

AU - McCarthy, Patrick J.

AU - McIntosh, Daniel H.

AU - McLure, Ross J.

AU - McPartland, Conor

AU - Mobasher, Bahram

AU - Moreira, Heidi

AU - Mortlock, Alice

AU - Moustakas, Leonidas A.

AU - Mozena, Mark

AU - Nandra, Kirpal

AU - Newman, Jeffrey A.

AU - Nielsen, Jennifer L.

AU - Niemi, Sami

AU - Noeske, Kai G.

AU - Papovich, Casey J.

AU - Pentericci, Laura

AU - Pope, Alexandra

AU - Primack, Joel R.

AU - Ravindranath, Swara

AU - Reddy, Naveen A.

AU - Renzini, Alvio

AU - Rix, Hans Walter

AU - Robaina, Aday R.

AU - Rosario, David J.

AU - Rosati, Piero

AU - Salimbeni, Sara

AU - Scarlata, Claudia

AU - Siana, Brian

AU - Simard, Luc

AU - Smidt, Joseph

AU - Snyder, Diana

AU - Somerville, Rachel S.

AU - Spinrad, Hyron

AU - Straughn, Amber N.

AU - Telford, Olivia

AU - Teplitz, Harry I.

AU - Trump, Jonathan R.

AU - Vargas, Carlos

AU - Villforth, Carolin

AU - Wagner, Cory R.

AU - Wandro, Pat

AU - Wechsler, Risa H.

AU - Weiner, Benjamin J.

AU - Wiklind, Tommy

AU - Wild, Vivienne

AU - Wilson, Grant

AU - Wuyts, Stijn

AU - Yun, Min S.

PY - 2011/12

Y1 - 2011/12

N2 - This paper describes the Hubble Space Telescope imaging data products and data reduction procedures for the Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey (CANDELS). This survey is designed to document the evolution of galaxies and black holes at z ≈ 1.5-8, and to study Type Ia supernovae at z > 1.5. Five premier multi-wavelength sky regions are selected, each with extensive multi-wavelength observations. The primary CANDELS data consist of imaging obtained in the Wide Field Camera 3 infrared channel (WFC3/IR) and the WFC3 ultraviolet/optical channel, along with the Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS). The CANDELS/Deep survey covers ∼ 125 arcmin 2 within GOODS-N and GOODS-S, while the remainder consists of the CANDELS/Wide survey, achieving a total of ∼ 800 arcmin2 across GOODS and three additional fields (Extended Groth Strip, COSMOS, and Ultra-Deep Survey). We summarize the observational aspects of the survey as motivated by the scientific goals and present a detailed description of the data reduction procedures and products from the survey. Our data reduction methods utilize the most up-to-date calibration files and image combination procedures. We have paid special attention to correcting a range of instrumental effects, including charge transfer efficiency degradation for ACS, removal of electronic bias-striping present in ACS data after Servicing Mission 4, and persistence effects and other artifacts in WFC3/IR. For each field, we release mosaics for individual epochs and eventual mosaics containing data from all epochs combined, to facilitate photometric variability studies and the deepest possible photometry. A more detailed overview of the science goals and observational design of the survey are presented in a companion paper.

AB - This paper describes the Hubble Space Telescope imaging data products and data reduction procedures for the Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey (CANDELS). This survey is designed to document the evolution of galaxies and black holes at z ≈ 1.5-8, and to study Type Ia supernovae at z > 1.5. Five premier multi-wavelength sky regions are selected, each with extensive multi-wavelength observations. The primary CANDELS data consist of imaging obtained in the Wide Field Camera 3 infrared channel (WFC3/IR) and the WFC3 ultraviolet/optical channel, along with the Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS). The CANDELS/Deep survey covers ∼ 125 arcmin 2 within GOODS-N and GOODS-S, while the remainder consists of the CANDELS/Wide survey, achieving a total of ∼ 800 arcmin2 across GOODS and three additional fields (Extended Groth Strip, COSMOS, and Ultra-Deep Survey). We summarize the observational aspects of the survey as motivated by the scientific goals and present a detailed description of the data reduction procedures and products from the survey. Our data reduction methods utilize the most up-to-date calibration files and image combination procedures. We have paid special attention to correcting a range of instrumental effects, including charge transfer efficiency degradation for ACS, removal of electronic bias-striping present in ACS data after Servicing Mission 4, and persistence effects and other artifacts in WFC3/IR. For each field, we release mosaics for individual epochs and eventual mosaics containing data from all epochs combined, to facilitate photometric variability studies and the deepest possible photometry. A more detailed overview of the science goals and observational design of the survey are presented in a companion paper.

KW - cosmology: observations

KW - galaxies: high-redshift

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