Carbon and oxygen abundances in the hot Jupiter exoplanet host star XO-2B and its binary companion

Johanna K. Teske, Simon C. Schuler, Katia Cunha, Verne V. Smith, Caitlin A. Griffith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

With the aim of connecting the compositions of stars and planets, we present the abundances of carbon and oxygen, as well as iron and nickel, for the transiting exoplanet host star XO-2N and its wide-separation binary companion XO-2S. Stellar parameters are derived from high-resolution, high signal-to-noise spectra, and the two stars are found to be similar in their T eff, log g, iron ([Fe/H]), and nickel ([Ni/H]) abundances. Their carbon ([C/H]) and oxygen ([O/H]) abundances also overlap within errors, although XO-2N may be slightly more C-rich and O-rich than XO-2S. The C/O ratios of both stars (∼0.60 ± 0.20) may also be somewhat larger than solar (C/O ∼ 0.50). The XO-2 system has a transiting hot Jupiter orbiting one binary component but not the other, allowing us to probe the potential effects planet formation might have on the host star composition. Additionally, with multiple observations of its atmosphere the transiting exoplanet XO-2b lends itself to compositional analysis, which can be compared to the natal chemical environment established by our binary star elemental abundances. This work sets the stage for determining how similar or different exoplanet and host star compositions are, and the implications for planet formation, by discussing the C/O ratio measurements in the unique environment of a visual binary system with one star hosting a transiting hot Jupiter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL12
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume768
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2013

Keywords

  • planets and satellites: formation
  • planets and satellites: individual (XO-2)
  • stars: abundances
  • stars: atmospheres

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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