Carbon monoxide-releasing molecule-2 enhances coagulation in rabbit plasma and decreases bleeding time in clopidogrel/aspirin-treated rabbits

Vance G Nielsen, Nikhil Chawla, Dipty Mangla, Sheldon B. Gomes, Matthew R. Arkebauer, Kimberly A. Wasko, Kesavan Sadacharam, Keith Vosseller

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21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Administration of carbon monoxide derived from carbon monoxide-releasing molecules has been demonstrated to enhance coagulation in vitro at small concentrations (100-200? μmol/l) in human and rabbit plasma. We sought to determine if carbon monoxide-releasing molecule-2 [tricarbonyldichlororuthenium (II) dimer, CORM-2] would improve coagulation in rabbit plasma in vitro via thrombelastography and in an in vivo preclinical rabbit model of ear bleeding time following administration of clopidogrel (20? mg/kg) with aspirin (10? mg/kg) via gavage. Addition of 100? μmol/l CORM-2 to rabbit plasma significantly improved coagulation. This procoagulant effect was blocked by pre-exposure of plasma to an agent that converts hemefibrinogen to methemefibrinogen in human plasma, preventing carbon monoxide binding and enhancement of coagulation. Rabbit ear bleeding time was 5.8? ±? 1.1? min 2-3? h after clopidogrel/aspirin administration. Bleeding time significantly decreased to 2.6? ±? 0.6? min, 5? min after administration of CORM-2 (10? mg/kg; 279? μmol/l 'best-case' instantaneous concentration) intravenously. CORM-2 enhances plasmatic coagulation in a manner similar to that of human plasma in vitro, and plasmatic coagulation is enhanced in vivo by CORM-2 as well. Additional preclinical investigation of the effects of CORM-2 on coagulopathy (e.g. heparin or hemodilution mediated) utilizing this rabbit model is planned.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)756-759
Number of pages4
JournalBlood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis
Volume22
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Bleeding time
  • Carbon monoxide-releasing molecule
  • Heme
  • Platelet inhibition
  • Rabbits
  • Thrombelastography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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