Background. At our institution, cardiac reoperations are routinely performed in the cardiac intensive care unit, as opposed to taking these patients back to the operating room. Our hypothesis was that reoperation in a cardiac intensive care unit does not increase sternal infection rate. Methods. A retrospective analysis was performed on 6,908 adult patients undergoing cardiac operation over a 9-year period. Excluding those in cardiac arrest, 340 (4.9%) patients underwent reoperation in the cardiac intensive care unit, of which 289 survived (85%). Results. Of the 289 patients who survived reoperation in the intensive care unit, 6 developed wound infections that required operative debridement (2.1%), which was not significantly different from those patients not requiring reoperation (1.9%, 121 of 6,497, p = 0.70). Hospital charges for a 2-hour reoperation in the intensive care unit and operating room are approximately $1,972/patient and $5,832/patient, respectively. Conclusions. Reoperation in the intensive care unit does not increase wound infection rate compared to those without reoperation. Decreased charges, avoiding transport of potentially unstable patients, quicker time to intervention, and convenience are advantages of reoperation in an intensive care unit.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine