Cardiac Vagal Tone, defensiveness, and motivational style

Hallam L. Movius, John JB Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cardiac Vagal Tone has been proposed as a stable biological marker for the ability to sustain attention and regulate emotion [Porges, Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development 59 (1994) 167-186]. Vagal tone is a physiological index of parasympathetic nervous system influence on the heart that has predicted a number of emotional behaviors and styles in infants, children, and adults. Little research, however, has sought to explore the link between vagal tone and established variables relating to personality and self-regulation. In this study, vagal tone was collected during 5-min baseline, stress, and recovery periods. Subjects (n=98) also completed a short form of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale, the Behavioral Activation and Behavioral Inhibition Scales, the Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale, the Self-Consciousness Scale, and the Openness to Experience subscale of the Five Factor Personality Inventory. Poorer modulation for vagal tone was associated with greater social anxiety, while lower vagal tone across recording periods was associated with greater defensiveness and lower behavioral activation sensitivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-162
Number of pages16
JournalBiological Psychology
Volume68
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2005

Fingerprint

Manifest Anxiety Scale
Parasympathetic Nervous System
Social Desirability
Personality Inventory
Aptitude
Child Development
Consciousness
Research
Personality
Emotions
Anxiety
Biomarkers
Inhibition (Psychology)
Self-Control

Keywords

  • Defensiveness
  • Marlowe-Crowne
  • RSA
  • Vagal tone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

Cardiac Vagal Tone, defensiveness, and motivational style. / Movius, Hallam L.; Allen, John JB.

In: Biological Psychology, Vol. 68, No. 2, 02.2005, p. 147-162.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Movius, Hallam L. ; Allen, John JB. / Cardiac Vagal Tone, defensiveness, and motivational style. In: Biological Psychology. 2005 ; Vol. 68, No. 2. pp. 147-162.
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