Cardiopulmonary resuscitation algorithms, defibrillation and optimized ventilation during resuscitation

Ricardo A Samson, Marc D Berg, Robert A. Berg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose of review: In 2005, the American Heart Association released its Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. This article reviews the treatment algorithms for Advanced Cardiac Life Support, citing the evidence on which the Guidelines are based. Additional focus is placed on defibrillation and optimized ventilation. Recent findings: Major changes include a reorganization of the algorithms for cardiac arrest. Emphasis on effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation is placed as the key to improved survival. Single defibrillation shocks are recommended (compared with three 'stacked' shocks) with immediate provision of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and minimal interruptions in chest compressions. The recommended chest compression:ventilation rate for single rescuers has been changed to 30:2. Summary: Despite advances in resuscitation science, basic life support remains the key to improving survival outcomes. Ultimately, as new knowledge is gained, we believe resuscitation therapies will be more individualized, on the basis of pathophysiology and etiology of the initial cardiac arrest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-156
Number of pages11
JournalCurrent Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2006

Fingerprint

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Resuscitation
Ventilation
Heart Arrest
Shock
Thorax
Advanced Cardiac Life Support
Guidelines
Biological Science Disciplines
Emergency Medical Services
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Algorithms
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  • Defibrillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation algorithms, defibrillation and optimized ventilation during resuscitation. / Samson, Ricardo A; Berg, Marc D; Berg, Robert A.

In: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology, Vol. 19, No. 2, 04.2006, p. 146-156.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{844ab2949aa84816831e04dc4ddb4f2a,
title = "Cardiopulmonary resuscitation algorithms, defibrillation and optimized ventilation during resuscitation",
abstract = "Purpose of review: In 2005, the American Heart Association released its Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. This article reviews the treatment algorithms for Advanced Cardiac Life Support, citing the evidence on which the Guidelines are based. Additional focus is placed on defibrillation and optimized ventilation. Recent findings: Major changes include a reorganization of the algorithms for cardiac arrest. Emphasis on effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation is placed as the key to improved survival. Single defibrillation shocks are recommended (compared with three 'stacked' shocks) with immediate provision of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and minimal interruptions in chest compressions. The recommended chest compression:ventilation rate for single rescuers has been changed to 30:2. Summary: Despite advances in resuscitation science, basic life support remains the key to improving survival outcomes. Ultimately, as new knowledge is gained, we believe resuscitation therapies will be more individualized, on the basis of pathophysiology and etiology of the initial cardiac arrest.",
keywords = "Algorithms, Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Defibrillation",
author = "Samson, {Ricardo A} and Berg, {Marc D} and Berg, {Robert A.}",
year = "2006",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1097/01.aco.0000192799.87548.d3",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "19",
pages = "146--156",
journal = "Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology",
issn = "0952-7907",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cardiopulmonary resuscitation algorithms, defibrillation and optimized ventilation during resuscitation

AU - Samson, Ricardo A

AU - Berg, Marc D

AU - Berg, Robert A.

PY - 2006/4

Y1 - 2006/4

N2 - Purpose of review: In 2005, the American Heart Association released its Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. This article reviews the treatment algorithms for Advanced Cardiac Life Support, citing the evidence on which the Guidelines are based. Additional focus is placed on defibrillation and optimized ventilation. Recent findings: Major changes include a reorganization of the algorithms for cardiac arrest. Emphasis on effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation is placed as the key to improved survival. Single defibrillation shocks are recommended (compared with three 'stacked' shocks) with immediate provision of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and minimal interruptions in chest compressions. The recommended chest compression:ventilation rate for single rescuers has been changed to 30:2. Summary: Despite advances in resuscitation science, basic life support remains the key to improving survival outcomes. Ultimately, as new knowledge is gained, we believe resuscitation therapies will be more individualized, on the basis of pathophysiology and etiology of the initial cardiac arrest.

AB - Purpose of review: In 2005, the American Heart Association released its Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. This article reviews the treatment algorithms for Advanced Cardiac Life Support, citing the evidence on which the Guidelines are based. Additional focus is placed on defibrillation and optimized ventilation. Recent findings: Major changes include a reorganization of the algorithms for cardiac arrest. Emphasis on effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation is placed as the key to improved survival. Single defibrillation shocks are recommended (compared with three 'stacked' shocks) with immediate provision of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and minimal interruptions in chest compressions. The recommended chest compression:ventilation rate for single rescuers has been changed to 30:2. Summary: Despite advances in resuscitation science, basic life support remains the key to improving survival outcomes. Ultimately, as new knowledge is gained, we believe resuscitation therapies will be more individualized, on the basis of pathophysiology and etiology of the initial cardiac arrest.

KW - Algorithms

KW - Cardiopulmonary resuscitation

KW - Defibrillation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33646050983&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33646050983&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/01.aco.0000192799.87548.d3

DO - 10.1097/01.aco.0000192799.87548.d3

M3 - Article

C2 - 16552221

AN - SCOPUS:33646050983

VL - 19

SP - 146

EP - 156

JO - Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology

JF - Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology

SN - 0952-7907

IS - 2

ER -