Cardiovascular-emotional dampening

The relationship between blood pressure and recognition of emotion

James A. McCubbin, Marcellus M. Merritt, John J. Sollers, Michele K. Evans, Alan B. Zonderman, Richard D Lane, Julian F. Thayer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Persons with elevated blood pressure (BP) show dampened emotional responses to affect-laden stimuli. We sought to further examine cardiovascular-emotional dampening by examination of the relationship between resting hemodynamic measures and recognition of emotion in an African American community-based sample. Methods: Participants were 106 African American men and women (55 women; mean age = 52.8 years), mainly low in socioeconomic status, and part of the Healthy Aging in Nationally Diverse Longitudinal Samples pilot study. Participants evaluated emotional expressions in faces and sentences using the Perception of Affect Test (PAT). Resting BP, total peripheral resistance (TPR), cardiac output, and heart rate were obtained continuously using a Portapres BP monitor. Results: Total PAT scores were inversely related to systolic (r =-0.30) and diastolic (r =-0.24) BPs, TPR (r =-0.36), and age (r =-0.31; p values G .01) and were positively related to cardiac output (r = 0.27) and education (r = 0.38; p values < .01), as well as with mental state (r = 0.25) and body mass index (r =-0.20; p values > .05). Accuracy of emotion recognition on the PAT tasks remained inversely related to TPR and BP after adjustment for demographic variables, medication, mental state, and body mass index. Conclusions: Elevated BP and TPR were associated with reduced perception of affect. TPR was the most consistent independent hemodynamic correlate of emotional dampening for the PAT scores. These results suggest potentially important links among central nervous system regulation of emotions, hemodynamic processes, and hypertension development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)743-750
Number of pages8
JournalPsychosomatic Medicine
Volume73
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2011

Fingerprint

Vascular Resistance
Emotions
Blood Pressure
Hemodynamics
Cardiac Output
African Americans
Blood Pressure Monitors
Social Class
Body Mass Index
Central Nervous System
Heart Rate
Demography
Recognition (Psychology)
Emotion
Hypertension
Education
Test Scores

Keywords

  • blood pressure
  • central nervous system
  • emotion regulation
  • hemodynamics
  • hypertension development
  • stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Applied Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

McCubbin, J. A., Merritt, M. M., Sollers, J. J., Evans, M. K., Zonderman, A. B., Lane, R. D., & Thayer, J. F. (2011). Cardiovascular-emotional dampening: The relationship between blood pressure and recognition of emotion. Psychosomatic Medicine, 73(9), 743-750. https://doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0b013e318235ed55

Cardiovascular-emotional dampening : The relationship between blood pressure and recognition of emotion. / McCubbin, James A.; Merritt, Marcellus M.; Sollers, John J.; Evans, Michele K.; Zonderman, Alan B.; Lane, Richard D; Thayer, Julian F.

In: Psychosomatic Medicine, Vol. 73, No. 9, 11.2011, p. 743-750.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McCubbin, JA, Merritt, MM, Sollers, JJ, Evans, MK, Zonderman, AB, Lane, RD & Thayer, JF 2011, 'Cardiovascular-emotional dampening: The relationship between blood pressure and recognition of emotion', Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 73, no. 9, pp. 743-750. https://doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0b013e318235ed55
McCubbin, James A. ; Merritt, Marcellus M. ; Sollers, John J. ; Evans, Michele K. ; Zonderman, Alan B. ; Lane, Richard D ; Thayer, Julian F. / Cardiovascular-emotional dampening : The relationship between blood pressure and recognition of emotion. In: Psychosomatic Medicine. 2011 ; Vol. 73, No. 9. pp. 743-750.
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