Cardiovascular problems in women

Kahroba Jahan, Ainol Shareha Sarar, Nisa Arshad, Nguyen Phuc Nguyen, Amsa Arshad, Sajaj Agarwal, Thach Nguyen, Kwan Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This chapter presents the background, challenges, high-risk markers, strategic mapping, investigations, smart testing, invasive testing and management for cardiovascular problems in women. The term ischemic heart disease (IHD) encompasses a new concept of multifactorial pathophysiology for coronary atherosclerosis. It includes obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) and dysfunction of the coronary microvasculature and endothelium resulting in arterial expansive remodeling and non-obstructive plaque. Chest pain is the most common presenting symptom of IHD, although its characteristics and associated symptomatology differ significantly between men and women. In the comprehensive investigation of IHD, a sequence of testing modalities (electrocardiogram, biomarkers, non-invasive imaging, stress test) are suggested. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) appears to have similar success rates for men and women with greater short and mid-term survival for women, and similar stroke rates among women and men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationManagement of Complex Cardiovascular Problems
PublisherWiley
Pages379-405
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)9781118965061
ISBN (Print)9781118965030
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Arterial expansive remodeling
  • Biomarkers
  • Chest pain
  • Coronary microvasculature
  • Electrocardiogram
  • Ischemic heart disease
  • Non-invasive imaging
  • Non-obstructive plaque
  • Obstructive coronary artery disease
  • Transcatheter aortic valve replacement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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