Cardiovascular response to group I metabotropic glutamate receptor activation in NTS

C. Michael Foley, Helen W. Vogl, Patrick J. Mueller, Meredith Hay, Eileen M. Hasser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Glutamate is the proposed neurotransmitter of baroreceptor afferents at the level of the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS). Exogenous glutamate in the NTS activates neurons through ionotropic and metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs). This study tested the hypothesis that group I mGluRs in the NTS produce depressor, bradycardic, and sympathoinhibitory responses. In urethan- anesthetized rats, unilateral 30-nl microinjections of the group I-selective mGluR agonist 3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG) into the NTS decreased mean arterial pressure, heart rate, and lumbar sympathetic nerve activity. The dose of drug that produced 50% of the maximal response (ED50) was 50-100 μM. The response to microinjection of equal concentrations of DHPG or the general mGluR agonist 1-aminocyclopentane-1S,3R-dicarboxylic acid (ACPD) produced similar cardiovascular effects. The cardiovascular response to injection of DHPG or ACPD was abolished by NTS blockade of mGluRs with α- methyl-4-carboxyphenylglycine (MCPG). Blockade of ionotropic glutamate receptors with kynurenic acid did not attenuate the response to DHPG or ACPD injection. These data suggest that DHPG and ACPD activate mGluRs in the NTS and do not require ionotropic glutamate receptors to produce their cardiovascular response. In the NTS the group I mGluRs produce responses that are consistent with excitation of neurons involved in reducing sympathetic outflow, heart rate, and arterial pressure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R1469-R1478
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume276
Issue number5 45-5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1999

Keywords

  • 1-aminocyclopentane-1S
  • 3,5- dihydroxyphenylglycine
  • 3R-dicarboxylic acid
  • Arterial baroreflex
  • Sympathetic nerve activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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