Cardiovascular responses to family visits in coronary care unit patients

T. Simpson, Joan L Shaver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Changes in four cardiovascular indicators: systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and premature ventricular contractions, were studied as responses to family visits and a 10-minute interview with the investigator in 24 patients in a coronary care unit. By use of a repeated-measures design, data were compared by multivariate analysis of variance. No significant differences were found between the group mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and rate of premature ventricular contractions during family visits and interviews. The lowest systolic and diastolic blood pressure values were significantly lower during the visit than during the interview, suggesting that the visit had a calming effect on patients. Although the highest heart rate was significantly higher during the visit than during the interview, the difference was clinically inconsequential. The wide variance in premature ventricular contraction values suggests individual variation in responses, but no significant differences were found between visits and interviews. Although family visits were no more physiologically stressful than a comparative social interaction, select subsamples of patients with cardiac disease should be studied for more specific reaction patterns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)344-351
Number of pages8
JournalHeart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care
Volume19
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Coronary Care Units
Blood Pressure
Ventricular Premature Complexes
Interviews
Heart Rate
Interpersonal Relations
Heart Diseases
Analysis of Variance
Multivariate Analysis
Research Personnel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Cardiovascular responses to family visits in coronary care unit patients. / Simpson, T.; Shaver, Joan L.

In: Heart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care, Vol. 19, No. 4, 1990, p. 344-351.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{8cb52494bd984ad88ad0fe91459e8517,
title = "Cardiovascular responses to family visits in coronary care unit patients",
abstract = "Changes in four cardiovascular indicators: systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and premature ventricular contractions, were studied as responses to family visits and a 10-minute interview with the investigator in 24 patients in a coronary care unit. By use of a repeated-measures design, data were compared by multivariate analysis of variance. No significant differences were found between the group mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and rate of premature ventricular contractions during family visits and interviews. The lowest systolic and diastolic blood pressure values were significantly lower during the visit than during the interview, suggesting that the visit had a calming effect on patients. Although the highest heart rate was significantly higher during the visit than during the interview, the difference was clinically inconsequential. The wide variance in premature ventricular contraction values suggests individual variation in responses, but no significant differences were found between visits and interviews. Although family visits were no more physiologically stressful than a comparative social interaction, select subsamples of patients with cardiac disease should be studied for more specific reaction patterns.",
author = "T. Simpson and Shaver, {Joan L}",
year = "1990",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "19",
pages = "344--351",
journal = "Heart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care",
issn = "0147-9563",
publisher = "Mosby Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cardiovascular responses to family visits in coronary care unit patients

AU - Simpson, T.

AU - Shaver, Joan L

PY - 1990

Y1 - 1990

N2 - Changes in four cardiovascular indicators: systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and premature ventricular contractions, were studied as responses to family visits and a 10-minute interview with the investigator in 24 patients in a coronary care unit. By use of a repeated-measures design, data were compared by multivariate analysis of variance. No significant differences were found between the group mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and rate of premature ventricular contractions during family visits and interviews. The lowest systolic and diastolic blood pressure values were significantly lower during the visit than during the interview, suggesting that the visit had a calming effect on patients. Although the highest heart rate was significantly higher during the visit than during the interview, the difference was clinically inconsequential. The wide variance in premature ventricular contraction values suggests individual variation in responses, but no significant differences were found between visits and interviews. Although family visits were no more physiologically stressful than a comparative social interaction, select subsamples of patients with cardiac disease should be studied for more specific reaction patterns.

AB - Changes in four cardiovascular indicators: systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and premature ventricular contractions, were studied as responses to family visits and a 10-minute interview with the investigator in 24 patients in a coronary care unit. By use of a repeated-measures design, data were compared by multivariate analysis of variance. No significant differences were found between the group mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and rate of premature ventricular contractions during family visits and interviews. The lowest systolic and diastolic blood pressure values were significantly lower during the visit than during the interview, suggesting that the visit had a calming effect on patients. Although the highest heart rate was significantly higher during the visit than during the interview, the difference was clinically inconsequential. The wide variance in premature ventricular contraction values suggests individual variation in responses, but no significant differences were found between visits and interviews. Although family visits were no more physiologically stressful than a comparative social interaction, select subsamples of patients with cardiac disease should be studied for more specific reaction patterns.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025347956&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025347956&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 344

EP - 351

JO - Heart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care

JF - Heart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care

SN - 0147-9563

IS - 4

ER -