In this study, we show that rodent albumin is expressed by and cell surface localized on at least some murine tumor cells. We have been able to purify this tumor-expressed albumin from in vivo grown tumor masses. The tumor-expressed albumin, unlike normal serum albumin purified from blood, is capable of inhibiting T-cell activation, proliferation, and function in both in vitro and in vivo settings. Tumor-expressed albumin does not appear to affect antigen processing or presentation by professional antigen-presenting cells. The activity appears to lie in relatively small, lipid-like moieties that are presumably cargo for tumor-expressed albumin, and that activity can be removed from the albumin by lipid removal or treatment with lipase. Thus, we herein report of a novel form of tumor-induced immune suppression attributable to lipid-like entities, cloaked by albumin produced by tumors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research