Carotenoids, tocopherols, and retinoids in human buccal mucosal cells: Intra- and interindividual variability and storage stability

Yeh Shan Peng, Yei Mei Peng, Daniel L. McGee, David S. Alberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

The baseline, intra-, and interindividual variability as well as storage stability of carotenoids, tocopherols, and retinoids in human buccal mucosal cells were determined because this information is lacking. All the buccal mucosal cell samples were collected after an overnight fast. In the variability study, 154 subjects (median age 57.5 y) provided three samples each at 7-10-d intervals over a 1-mo period. In the stability study, 13 young volunteers provided four samples each before and during the 11 d of oral administration of β-carotene, α-tocopherol, and vegetable juice; the cells were pooled and stored as a pellet at -80°C. Eleven micronutrients were analyzed simultaneously with HPLC. The results indicated that 1) lycopene and β-carotene were the two major carotenoids, retinol was not detected in most cell samples; 2) the intra-individual variability was small, but the interindividual variability was very large; 3) two measurements of micronutrient concentration in fasting buccal mucosal cells should be adequate to establish a representative baseline for each micronutrient; and 4) the micronutrients under the storage conditions were stable for ≥ 8 mo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)636-643
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume59
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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