Catastrophic flooding, palaeolakes, and late Quaternary drainage reorganization in northern Eurasia

Goro Komatsu, Victor Baker, Sergei G. Arzhannikov, Ronnie Gallagher, Anastasia V. Arzhannikova, Alessio Murana, Takashi Oguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We review the long history of Russian scientific study of the major late Quaternary palaeodrainages and palaeolakes in northern Eurasia to provide overviews of (1) past research efforts (mainly published in the Russian language) and (2) recent studies that include contributions from those outside of the former Soviet Union region. There are two major groups of catastrophic flooding phenomena and related palaeodrainage and palaeolake systems in this region: (1) those involving large-scale lowland basins and (2) those involving upland intermontane basins. Many of these palaeodrainages and palaeolakes were active during the late Quaternary, though the available age data are inconclusive in regard to more exact timing and synchronicity. These palaeodrainages and palaeolakes in the late Quaternary are strongly linked with climatic change, most notably to ice age. For the megalakes in large-scale basins, spillover events probably occurred because of impoundment by the late Pleistocene Arctic ice sheets. In some cases, gradual transgressions of the megalakes caused by varying climatic conditions could also have contributed to the spillovers. Some of these spillover events may have been catastrophic. Ice-dammed lakes formed when drainage into intermontane basins was impounded by late Pleistocene alpine-type glaciers. The collapses of the glacier dams caused downstream catastrophic flooding, producing a characteristic suite of flood-related landforms. In the Azas Plateau volcanic field, there is evidence for Icelandic-type subglacial flooding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-30
Number of pages30
JournalInternational Geology Review
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jul 11 2015

Fingerprint

intermontane basin
flooding
Pleistocene
drainage
glacier
ice-dammed lake
impoundment
basin
transgression
landform
ice sheet
dam
plateau
climate change
history

Keywords

  • catastrophic flooding
  • drainage reorganization
  • glaciation
  • late Quaternary
  • northern Eurasia
  • palaeodrainages
  • palaeolakes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

Cite this

Komatsu, G., Baker, V., Arzhannikov, S. G., Gallagher, R., Arzhannikova, A. V., Murana, A., & Oguchi, T. (Accepted/In press). Catastrophic flooding, palaeolakes, and late Quaternary drainage reorganization in northern Eurasia. International Geology Review, 1-30. https://doi.org/10.1080/00206814.2015.1048314

Catastrophic flooding, palaeolakes, and late Quaternary drainage reorganization in northern Eurasia. / Komatsu, Goro; Baker, Victor; Arzhannikov, Sergei G.; Gallagher, Ronnie; Arzhannikova, Anastasia V.; Murana, Alessio; Oguchi, Takashi.

In: International Geology Review, 11.07.2015, p. 1-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Komatsu, Goro ; Baker, Victor ; Arzhannikov, Sergei G. ; Gallagher, Ronnie ; Arzhannikova, Anastasia V. ; Murana, Alessio ; Oguchi, Takashi. / Catastrophic flooding, palaeolakes, and late Quaternary drainage reorganization in northern Eurasia. In: International Geology Review. 2015 ; pp. 1-30.
@article{817a5ba4d2864039ac58ea93975abc78,
title = "Catastrophic flooding, palaeolakes, and late Quaternary drainage reorganization in northern Eurasia",
abstract = "We review the long history of Russian scientific study of the major late Quaternary palaeodrainages and palaeolakes in northern Eurasia to provide overviews of (1) past research efforts (mainly published in the Russian language) and (2) recent studies that include contributions from those outside of the former Soviet Union region. There are two major groups of catastrophic flooding phenomena and related palaeodrainage and palaeolake systems in this region: (1) those involving large-scale lowland basins and (2) those involving upland intermontane basins. Many of these palaeodrainages and palaeolakes were active during the late Quaternary, though the available age data are inconclusive in regard to more exact timing and synchronicity. These palaeodrainages and palaeolakes in the late Quaternary are strongly linked with climatic change, most notably to ice age. For the megalakes in large-scale basins, spillover events probably occurred because of impoundment by the late Pleistocene Arctic ice sheets. In some cases, gradual transgressions of the megalakes caused by varying climatic conditions could also have contributed to the spillovers. Some of these spillover events may have been catastrophic. Ice-dammed lakes formed when drainage into intermontane basins was impounded by late Pleistocene alpine-type glaciers. The collapses of the glacier dams caused downstream catastrophic flooding, producing a characteristic suite of flood-related landforms. In the Azas Plateau volcanic field, there is evidence for Icelandic-type subglacial flooding.",
keywords = "catastrophic flooding, drainage reorganization, glaciation, late Quaternary, northern Eurasia, palaeodrainages, palaeolakes",
author = "Goro Komatsu and Victor Baker and Arzhannikov, {Sergei G.} and Ronnie Gallagher and Arzhannikova, {Anastasia V.} and Alessio Murana and Takashi Oguchi",
year = "2015",
month = "7",
day = "11",
doi = "10.1080/00206814.2015.1048314",
language = "English (US)",
pages = "1--30",
journal = "International Geology Review",
issn = "0020-6814",
publisher = "Bellwether Publishing, Ltd.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Catastrophic flooding, palaeolakes, and late Quaternary drainage reorganization in northern Eurasia

AU - Komatsu, Goro

AU - Baker, Victor

AU - Arzhannikov, Sergei G.

AU - Gallagher, Ronnie

AU - Arzhannikova, Anastasia V.

AU - Murana, Alessio

AU - Oguchi, Takashi

PY - 2015/7/11

Y1 - 2015/7/11

N2 - We review the long history of Russian scientific study of the major late Quaternary palaeodrainages and palaeolakes in northern Eurasia to provide overviews of (1) past research efforts (mainly published in the Russian language) and (2) recent studies that include contributions from those outside of the former Soviet Union region. There are two major groups of catastrophic flooding phenomena and related palaeodrainage and palaeolake systems in this region: (1) those involving large-scale lowland basins and (2) those involving upland intermontane basins. Many of these palaeodrainages and palaeolakes were active during the late Quaternary, though the available age data are inconclusive in regard to more exact timing and synchronicity. These palaeodrainages and palaeolakes in the late Quaternary are strongly linked with climatic change, most notably to ice age. For the megalakes in large-scale basins, spillover events probably occurred because of impoundment by the late Pleistocene Arctic ice sheets. In some cases, gradual transgressions of the megalakes caused by varying climatic conditions could also have contributed to the spillovers. Some of these spillover events may have been catastrophic. Ice-dammed lakes formed when drainage into intermontane basins was impounded by late Pleistocene alpine-type glaciers. The collapses of the glacier dams caused downstream catastrophic flooding, producing a characteristic suite of flood-related landforms. In the Azas Plateau volcanic field, there is evidence for Icelandic-type subglacial flooding.

AB - We review the long history of Russian scientific study of the major late Quaternary palaeodrainages and palaeolakes in northern Eurasia to provide overviews of (1) past research efforts (mainly published in the Russian language) and (2) recent studies that include contributions from those outside of the former Soviet Union region. There are two major groups of catastrophic flooding phenomena and related palaeodrainage and palaeolake systems in this region: (1) those involving large-scale lowland basins and (2) those involving upland intermontane basins. Many of these palaeodrainages and palaeolakes were active during the late Quaternary, though the available age data are inconclusive in regard to more exact timing and synchronicity. These palaeodrainages and palaeolakes in the late Quaternary are strongly linked with climatic change, most notably to ice age. For the megalakes in large-scale basins, spillover events probably occurred because of impoundment by the late Pleistocene Arctic ice sheets. In some cases, gradual transgressions of the megalakes caused by varying climatic conditions could also have contributed to the spillovers. Some of these spillover events may have been catastrophic. Ice-dammed lakes formed when drainage into intermontane basins was impounded by late Pleistocene alpine-type glaciers. The collapses of the glacier dams caused downstream catastrophic flooding, producing a characteristic suite of flood-related landforms. In the Azas Plateau volcanic field, there is evidence for Icelandic-type subglacial flooding.

KW - catastrophic flooding

KW - drainage reorganization

KW - glaciation

KW - late Quaternary

KW - northern Eurasia

KW - palaeodrainages

KW - palaeolakes

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84957873142&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84957873142&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/00206814.2015.1048314

DO - 10.1080/00206814.2015.1048314

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84957873142

SP - 1

EP - 30

JO - International Geology Review

JF - International Geology Review

SN - 0020-6814

ER -