Cavity modifications of nuclear internal conversion rates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We extend the principles of cavity quantum electrodynamics to nuclei inside low-loss cavities. The resulting nucleus-cavity system exhibits spontaneous emission and internal conversion rates which differ radically from those of the individual components. The quantum mechanical derivations of these rates are given. The internal conversion process occurs via the exchange of a virtual photon between an excited nucleus and an electron bound to that nucleus. Even though the photon is virtual, partial suppression of the internal conversion process is shown to be theoretically possible. With a controlled modification of the internal conversion rate using a high-Q cavity, one can achieve a number of potentially interesting applications including an excited nuclear state containment unit, a nuclear battery, and a neutron detector.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)675-676
Number of pages2
JournalJournal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications
Volume12
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1998

Fingerprint

internal conversion
Nucleus
Nuclear batteries
Cavity
Photons
Internal
Neutron detectors
cavities
nuclei
Spontaneous emission
Electrodynamics
Photon
containment
neutron counters
Electrons
photons
quantum electrodynamics
Neutron
Battery
spontaneous emission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

Cite this

Cavity modifications of nuclear internal conversion rates. / Ziolkowski, Richard W; Gogny, D. M.

In: Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol. 12, No. 5, 1998, p. 675-676.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c4eafc28679948798c497c0005ff50c3,
title = "Cavity modifications of nuclear internal conversion rates",
abstract = "We extend the principles of cavity quantum electrodynamics to nuclei inside low-loss cavities. The resulting nucleus-cavity system exhibits spontaneous emission and internal conversion rates which differ radically from those of the individual components. The quantum mechanical derivations of these rates are given. The internal conversion process occurs via the exchange of a virtual photon between an excited nucleus and an electron bound to that nucleus. Even though the photon is virtual, partial suppression of the internal conversion process is shown to be theoretically possible. With a controlled modification of the internal conversion rate using a high-Q cavity, one can achieve a number of potentially interesting applications including an excited nuclear state containment unit, a nuclear battery, and a neutron detector.",
author = "Ziolkowski, {Richard W} and Gogny, {D. M.}",
year = "1998",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "12",
pages = "675--676",
journal = "Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications",
issn = "0920-5071",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cavity modifications of nuclear internal conversion rates

AU - Ziolkowski, Richard W

AU - Gogny, D. M.

PY - 1998

Y1 - 1998

N2 - We extend the principles of cavity quantum electrodynamics to nuclei inside low-loss cavities. The resulting nucleus-cavity system exhibits spontaneous emission and internal conversion rates which differ radically from those of the individual components. The quantum mechanical derivations of these rates are given. The internal conversion process occurs via the exchange of a virtual photon between an excited nucleus and an electron bound to that nucleus. Even though the photon is virtual, partial suppression of the internal conversion process is shown to be theoretically possible. With a controlled modification of the internal conversion rate using a high-Q cavity, one can achieve a number of potentially interesting applications including an excited nuclear state containment unit, a nuclear battery, and a neutron detector.

AB - We extend the principles of cavity quantum electrodynamics to nuclei inside low-loss cavities. The resulting nucleus-cavity system exhibits spontaneous emission and internal conversion rates which differ radically from those of the individual components. The quantum mechanical derivations of these rates are given. The internal conversion process occurs via the exchange of a virtual photon between an excited nucleus and an electron bound to that nucleus. Even though the photon is virtual, partial suppression of the internal conversion process is shown to be theoretically possible. With a controlled modification of the internal conversion rate using a high-Q cavity, one can achieve a number of potentially interesting applications including an excited nuclear state containment unit, a nuclear battery, and a neutron detector.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031705257&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031705257&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0031705257

VL - 12

SP - 675

EP - 676

JO - Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications

JF - Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications

SN - 0920-5071

IS - 5

ER -