Cell and molecular biology of seed oil bodies

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Seed triglyceride oils and waxes are high-energy carbon reserves that are utilized by germinating seeds as sources of energy and carbon before the onset of autotrophic growth. The seed oil is sequestered in discrete subcellular organelles termed oil bodies, lipid bodies, or oleosomes. Oil bodies are spherical organelles 0.2—2.0 μm in diameter with a simple structure consisting of a triglyceride core encased in a membrane. Oil bodies are accumulated in maturing seeds, often filling the cytoplasmic space in fully mature oil seeds. The triglyceride oils and waxes accumulated in seeds are important agricultural commodities. Oil seeds and oil from plants such as soybean, palm, coconut, peanut, sunflower, cotton, rapeseed and peanut are widely traded international commodities and form essential parts of human diet and animal feed. The waxes and oils of oil-seed crops are essential constituents of many types of manufactured goods (see Robbelen et al., 1989, for extensive reviews).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSeed Development and Germination
PublisherCRC Press
Pages195-214
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9781351417327
ISBN (Print)0824792297
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Herman, E. M. (2017). Cell and molecular biology of seed oil bodies. In Seed Development and Germination (pp. 195-214). CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/9780203740071