Centrosome loss results in an unstable genome and malignant prostate tumors

Mengdie Wang, Raymond B. Nagle, Beatrice S. Knudsen, Anne E. Cress, Gregory C. Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Localized, nonindolent prostate cancer (PCa) is characterized by large-scale genomic rearrangements, aneuploidy, chromothripsis, and other forms of chromosomal instability (CIN), yet how this occurs remains unclear. A well-established mechanism of CIN is the overproduction of centrosomes, which promotes tumorigenesis in various mouse models. Therefore, we developed a single-cell assay for quantifying centrosomes in human prostate tissue. Surprisingly, centrosome loss—which has not been described in human cancer—was associated with PCa progression. By chemically or genetically inducing centrosome loss in nontumorigenic prostate epithelial cells, mitotic errors ensued, producing aneuploid, and multinucleated cells. Strikingly, transient or chronic centrosome loss transformed prostate epithelial cells, which produced highly proliferative and poorly differentiated malignant tumors in mice. Our findings suggest that centrosome loss could create a cellular crisis with oncogenic potential in prostate epithelial cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)399-413
Number of pages15
JournalOncogene
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 9 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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