Cerebral vasculitis

José Biller, Rafael G. Grau

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The term vasculitis encompasses a heterogeneous group of disorders where inflammation and destruction of the vessel wall is the primary event. Classi?cation, based on vessel wall involved, has produced a clinically “workable” classification of the idiopathic vasculitides (Table 1), although much overlapping is seen in the clinical setting. Secondary vasculitides are associated with many infectious and multisystem noninfectious inflammatory diseases. Both idiopathic and secondary forms of vasculitis can cause cerebral vasculitis (Table 2). Patients with cerebral vasculitis can present with diverse complaints including, headaches, personality changes, psychiatric disturbances, intracranial hemorrhage, ischemic stroke, or seizures. Multisystem vasculitis can be complicated by a variety of metabolic, hematological, and cardiac disorders that, in turn, cause neurological dysfunction. As a result, caution should be exercised when attributing neurological symptoms to cerebral vasculitis in a patient with multisystem vasculitis [1-10].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Cerebrovascular Diseases, Second Edition, Revised and Expanded
PublisherCRC Press
Pages653-680
Number of pages28
ISBN (Electronic)9780203996942
ISBN (Print)9780824753900
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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